Women were faced with the task of fending for their

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Women were faced with the task of fending for their families after their husbands left to take part in the war. The family emergencies saw women look for occupations they could be absorbed into in order to earn a living, however how small it was. This led to the first ever case of the gender pay inequalities. The tertiary sector is attributed to the changes from the industrial period to the period of post-industrial economic developments. This shift in the economic development led to the creation and establishment of occupations that suited the preferences and the suitability of woman in that era (Olivetti & Petrongolo, 2014). Changes in the social norms came as a result of the shift from the industrial to the post-industrial era and the increasing number of female involvement in the created job opportunities. A number of far-fetched explanations have been offered as to why the number of women in the labor market has been significantly on the increase. Technological advances, family, education as well as the labor supply are among the suggested reasons explaining the increase of women in the labor market. Advances in technology have facilitated the involvement of women in the labor force. This is because there are so many creations of job opportunities that need the
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WOMEN AND THE AGE GAP 6 input of women. They work so determinedly and wholeheartedly but still they earn way less than men and this is actually sad and demotivating. Availability of childcare facilities and services has facilitated many women to enroll in the labor markets. These changes were gladly welcomed by females who wanted to engage in labor markets but what the slight increase in the wages paid acted as the motivational force. The relative increase in the wages pushed women into engaging in the labor markets in order to earn a better living (Greenwood et al, 2015). Changes in the wage gap most especially in the women's wages have contributed to women being able to bear the cost of family sustenance. The differences in women and men's wages according to some sociologist and policymakers in the U.S have been attributed to the differences in the educational levels. As a result, many American women have enrolled themselves in schools in order to further narrow the gender pay gap. It is believed that women lack the proper educational attainments and that is why the gender pay gap is still inexistent. These changes in women's educational attainment, experiences, and pieces of training have to some extent brought about changes in the gender pay. Remaining Gaps In industrialized and even developing countries, there have been collective efforts from international entities, sociologists, policymakers, woman advocates and even their home governments. These combined efforts have been geared towards ensuring the gap in the male- female wages is completely eradicated. However, more still needs to be done in order to do away with the remaining and persistent gaps in the gender pay. Labor market discriminations, as well as the gender disparities in the productivity sector, have given rise to the gender inequalities in terms of wages earned.
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