Highly relevant during recessionseconomic downturns Challenge Stressors

Highly relevant during recessionseconomic downturns

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Highly relevant during recessions/economic downturns Challenge Stressors: stressors that tend to be appraised as opportunities for growth and achievement Often trigger positive emotions such as pride and enthusiasm Work Challenge Stressors Time pressure Refers to a strong sense that the amount of time you have to do a task is not quite enough Ex. some students work well under pressure Ex. Tight deadlines Work complexity The degree to which the requirements of the work, in terms of knowledge/skills/abilities, exceed the capabilities of the person responsible for the work Ex. challenging jobs may push you to be more effective/motivating Ex. Company program cycles employees through different/challenging departments Work responsibility The nature of the obligations that a person has to others Ex. we know what we’re doing is making an impact -> more likely to put out best efforts Non-work Challenge Stressors Family time demands The time that a person commits to participate in an array of family activities/responsibilities Ex. spend weekend with in-laws Personal Development Ex. training -> while training your work can pile up Positive Life events Ex. marriage, pregnancy Ex. Prof passed out in her wedding pics
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Coping: the behaviors and thoughts that people use to manage the stressful demands they face and the emotions caused by those demands Behavioral coping -> “acting out” Cognitive coping -> “in your mind” Problem - faced coping -> behaviors and cognitions intended to manage the stressful situation itself o Ex. working harder, additional resources, seeking help Emotion - based coping -> various ways people manage their emotional reactions o Ex. vent, pray (GAS) General Adaptation Syndrome – the bodies reactions to stressful situations Stage 1 – Alarm reaction, the stressor “sinks in” Stage 2 – Resistance; increased arousal of mind/body helps person respond/adapt Stage 3 – Exhaustion; prolonged/repeated stressor could cause body to breakdown Physiological Strains – body Illness, high blood pressure, back pain, stomach aches Ex. some people physically get sick from stress Psychological Strains – mind Depression, anxiety, anger, hostility, irritability, inability to think clearly, forgetfulness Ex. Irritable, depression -> can lead to burnout Behavioral Strains – actions Grinding one’s teeth at night, being overly critical and bossy, excessive smoking, compulsive gum chewing // Drinking, smoking, turning to habits Ex. Cade after breakup Ex. 5 year old didn’t like T-ball and stress ate 17 pieces of gum Type A Behavior Pattern (me) Have a strong sense of time urgency and tend to be impatient, hard-driving, competitive, controlling, aggressive, and even hostile Influences the stress process itself Social Support – refers to the help that people receive when they are confronted with stressful demands - Instrumental support: refers to the help people receive that can be used to address the stressful demand directly - Emotional support : refers to the help people receive in addressing the
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