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Highly relevant during recessions/economic downturnsChallenge Stressors:stressors that tend to be appraised as opportunities for growth and achievement Often trigger positive emotions such as pride and enthusiasm Work Challenge StressorsTime pressure Refers to a strong sense that the amount of time you have to do a task is not quite enoughEx. some students work well under pressureEx. Tight deadlinesWork complexity The degree to which the requirements of the work, in terms of knowledge/skills/abilities, exceed the capabilities of the person responsible for the workEx. challenging jobs may push you to be more effective/motivatingEx. Company program cycles employees through different/challenging departmentsWork responsibility The nature of the obligations that a person has to othersEx. we know what we’re doing is making an impact -> more likely to put out best effortsNon-work Challenge StressorsFamily time demandsThe time that a person commits to participate in an array of family activities/responsibilitiesEx. spend weekend with in-lawsPersonal Development Ex. training -> while training your work can pile upPositive Life eventsEx. marriage, pregnancyEx. Prof passed out in her wedding pics
Coping: the behaviors and thoughts that people use to manage the stressful demands they faceand the emotions caused by those demandsBehavioral coping-> “acting out”Cognitive coping-> “in your mind” Problem-faced coping-> behaviors and cognitions intended to manage the stressful situation itselfoEx. working harder, additional resources, seeking helpEmotion-based coping-> various ways people manage their emotional reactionsoEx. vent, pray(GAS) General Adaptation Syndrome – the bodies reactions to stressful situations Stage 1 – Alarm reaction, the stressor “sinks in”Stage 2 – Resistance; increased arousal of mind/body helps person respond/adaptStage 3 – Exhaustion; prolonged/repeated stressor could cause body to breakdownPhysiological Strains – bodyIllness, high blood pressure, back pain, stomach achesEx. some people physically get sick from stress Psychological Strains – mindDepression, anxiety, anger, hostility, irritability, inability to think clearly, forgetfulness Ex. Irritable, depression -> can lead to burnoutBehavioral Strains – actionsGrinding one’s teeth at night, being overly critical and bossy, excessive smoking, compulsive gum chewing // Drinking, smoking, turning to habitsEx. Cade after breakupEx. 5 year old didn’t like T-ball and stress ate 17 pieces of gumType A Behavior Pattern (me) Have a strong sense of time urgency and tend to be impatient, hard-driving, competitive, controlling, aggressive, and even hostileInfluences the stress process itself Social Support– refers to the help that people receive when they are confronted with stressfuldemands-Instrumental support:refers to the help people receive that can be used to address the stressful demand directly-Emotional support: refers to the help people receive in addressing the