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ECE _DSST _ Human Resource MGMT

Although employee committees involve the discussion

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Although employee committees involve the discussion of grievances between employees and their employers, as long as they do not involve the negotiation of labor agreements, for example, wages and employment conditions, they are allowed to exist within a company without retribution from the National Labor Relations Act. In some states, union shops are allowable; therefore, employees must join the union as a condition for their employment. A union shop is a condition in a labor contract which mandates union membership as a condition of the job.
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Companies have more recently had to include issues of sexual harassment into the organizing, collective bargaining, and contract administration issues. These cases have been on the rise largely due to the increasing numbers of women working in male dominant fields. Sexual harassment has been recognized as a form of discrimination and is defined as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. Issues of sexual harassment have increasingly become components considered during organizing, collective bargaining, and contract administration. In organizing a union, the five steps that must be taken are employee contact , holding of the first organizational meeting, creation of an in-house organizing committee, election petition and voting preparation as well as contractual negotiations. Employee contact is arguably the most important stage in determining whether to unionize. Employees will decide if there are advantages to unionization. Then, information is collected on employees' needs and concerns. After the first organizational meeting, the organizing committee must drum up as much support for the union as possible by getting workers to sign an authorization card. An authorization card is an undertaking signed by the employee authorizing the union to act on his or her behalf for the purposes of collective bargaining with the employer. A minimum of 30% of employees must sign their authorization cards before the NLRB will hold a representation election to determine if the employees really want unionization. Collective bargaining is a process of negotiating a labor contract between the union and employers, which may include the application of economic pressure such as strikes or boycotts by the union and plant closures by the employers. Strikes and boycotts are the 2 main methods by which a union can apply economic pressure to the employer. The first step in collective bargaining process is negotiation preparation, when data such as grievances, wage details and disciplinary actions are collected and then bargaining teams are formed. The bargaining team is critical as they will be dealing with the management bargaining team to come to a resolution. The union team is normally headed by the union president, who would normally have an additional 3 to 5 members in his or her team.
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