America to find trade routes and precious metals. Started Jamestown but almost failed in the winter of 1607-1608 by drought and heavy weather.14.Jamestown N/A15.Captain John Smith: Was very important for the survival of the Virginia colony Jamestown. Imposed order and trading with the natives within the colony.16.The Starving Time: The winter of 1609-1610 was a very severe one, which included the people brought by the Virginia Company in Jamestown. The natives believed that the colonists were a threat so they stopped them from moved any more inland. This restricted their hunting and farming which lead to starving and even to cannibalism, when one of the ships that was stuck in Bermuda finally arrived there were only 60 men left. But as the were headed back to England supply arrived on the James and was a turning point for the colony.17.Powhatan Confederacy: A native alliance lead by Powhatan, who’s daughter was Pocahontas18.Headright system: The system which the Virginia company called that would attract people to settle in the new world. A headright was a 50 acre grant that new settlers could receive and preexisting settlers would get 100 acres. This in hope was to increase populations in the new world and increasing profits, which did work to an extent.19.Roger Williams: A young minister who lived in Salem Massachusetts for a while. He was a Separatist and wanted that Massachusetts should abandon all ties with the church of England and also separation of church and state to prevent corruption. He was banished during the winter of 1635-1636 lived with native tribes and then bought
some land with a few followers to create the town of Providence. In 1644 he got a charter from Parliament to create Rhode Island and was or a bit the only place where a person could practice any religion even Judaism. 20.House of Burgesses - first elected assembly in colonial America. Only landowners could vote and the company appointed governor (not a good democracy). 161821.Indentured servitude - A type of compulsory work where a person, who was usually ethnically the same as a free settler, would be bound by a contract to work for a person for four to seven years in exchange for payment of the voyage to the New World. After their contract had expired, the indentured servant would usually get a small piece of land, tools, and clothes22.Separatists - a group of people who broke away entirely from the Church of England based on their belief that church membership should be limited to only the saints, or those recognized by God for salvation. Also called pilgrims. 23.Society of Friends (Quakers): Mid 17th century, from the teaching of George Fox and Margaret Fell their followers were to be known as the Quakers. They disagreed with predestination and original sin, unlike Puritans Quakers allowed women to be almost equal to men and hold positions of power in church and other areas. Had no paid clergy or church government just congregational meeting also they did not fight in wars. They looked for a place in America for sactumn for only found violence towards them and weren’t gonna get a grant from the England.