IEC_Elctrical Energy Storage.pdf

12 eg battery scada see section 334 82 s e c t i o n

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12 E.g. “Battery SCADA” – see section 3.3.4.
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82 S E C T I O N 5 Conclusions and recommendations level of understanding of the cost and functionality of the different technologies. The MSB recommends the IEC to develop a users’ guide containing suggested criteria to apply when planning and using each specific technology (type of product) for a specific application. In addition to data on storage technology behaviour and characteristics (speed, power, energy), it will probably also need to contain information on full lifecycle cost, disposal cost, regulatory considerations, and environmental advantages and disadvantages. Recommendation 5.7.4 – Interface, control and data element standards Several elements of the IEC study show a pressing need for the control and interconnection of EES installations: small- scale storage in microgrids and its connection to the grid, integration of storage systems with different technologies into a single virtual store, systems used jointly by different organizations (generation plant owner, grid operator, electricity seller) and for different applications, etc. Insofar as the relevant standards do not yet exist, the MSB therefore recommends the IEC to standardize rapidly the interfaces between storage and other grid elements, protocols for data exchange and control rules, and the data elements for the input, output and control information supplied by or to storage systems. Recommendation 5.7.5 – Standards for systems to relieve transmission congestion The introduction of large quantities of renewable energies will cause transmission system congestion, to which storage can be a solution. Some of the resulting integrated systems, for example a hybrid system consisting of storage combined with a wind farm, will require standards in order to function correctly. The MSB recommends the SMB to initiate the standards needed. Recommendation 5.7.6 – Standards for unit size and other factors affecting costs Reducing lifetime costs of storage requires, among many other things, a range of standards, such as standardized EES unit sizes and technical features to allow mass production of associated equipment. The MSB therefore recommends the SMB to launch such projects. Recommendation 5.7.7 – Safety of new storage technologies The rapid growth and the new technologies involved in electrical energy storage in the near future, as well as their installation by consumers, will impose particular requirements for safety. At the same time, society and governments will need assurance of safety before the much-needed systems can be deployed. The MSB therefore recommends the SMB to set in motion rapidly the development of storage safety standards. Recommendation 5.7.8 – Compatibility of EES with the environment The scale, the impact and the materials of EES all represent potential challenges to the environment, especially when new technologies are involved. Without International Standards in place the regulatory requirements may be different in different regions, which would be an unnecessary burden on manufacturers and owners. The MSB consequently recommends
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