The survey was made available through a secure web

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The survey was made available through a secure web- site; no log-on or password was required. Each par- ticipant was assigned a unique study number known TABLE 1. Sample Characteristics Characteristic n Gender (N = 102) Female 92 Male 10 Race (N = 100) Caucasian 59 African American 21 Asian/Pacific Islander 9 Hispanic 4 Other 7 Age (years) (N = 97) 20–29 10 30–39 28 40–49 36 50–59 19 60 or older 4 Highest level of nursing education (N = 98) Diploma 1 Associate degree 17 Bachelor’s degree 70 Master’s degree 10 Type of nursing certification (N = 97) No certification 47 OCN ® or AOCN ® 39 Nurse practitioner 1 Other 10 Years of nursing experience (N = 99) 1–10 34 11–20 39 21–25 12 26 or more 14 Years of oncology nursing experience (N = 99) Fewer than 1 4 1–4 22 5–10 36 11–15 18 16–20 7 21–25 9 26 or more 3 Years of HD handling experience (N = 97) Fewer than 1 3 1–4 23 5–10 38 11–15 17 16–20 6 21–25 6 26 or more 4 Average assigned patients per workday (N = 97) 1 7 2 21 3 52 4 10 5 4 6 3 Average patients administered HDs per day (N = 93) 1 46 2 21 3 15 4 7 5 1 6 1 11 or more 2 HD—hazardous drug
ONCOLOGY NURSING FORUM • VOL. 43, NO. 3, MAY 2016 345 tolerance and variance inflation factor scores. For all analyses, p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results Of the 196 eligible clinical research nurses, 115 par- ticipated in the survey for a response rate of 59%. The majority of respondents were female (90%), Caucasian (59%), aged 30–49 years (66%), had a baccalaureate degree in nursing (71%), and worked full-time (76%) (defined as 40 hours per week). Most nurses were very experienced in nursing (66% had more than 10 years in nursing), oncology nursing (74% had more than 5 years), and chemotherapy handling (73% had more than 5 years). Most reported completing the ONS chemotherapy and biotherapy training course (96%), whereas half reported being an ONS member. Less than half were certified in oncology nursing (40%). The majority of nurses (54%) were assigned an average of three patients per day. Half reported personally admin- istering chemotherapy to one patient per day, followed by 23% and 17% who reported personally administer- ing chemotherapy to two and three patients, respec- tively. Ten participants (9%) reported experiencing a HD exposure event during the previous 12 months. The sample demographics are summarized in Table 1. Predictor Variables Nurses had high chemotherapy exposure knowledge, with respondents achieving a mean score of 10.16 (SD = 1.46) on a score range of 1–12. The item most often answered incorrectly (54 of 102 nurses, 53%) was, “Surgical mask provides protection from hazardous drug aerosols.” The correct answer is false. In addition, only to the study team and appeared together on one document accessible only to the study team. The ini- tial survey invitation and announcement was emailed to the survey population via a secure server about three days before the online survey was initiated, and participants were informed that they had six weeks to complete the survey. A follow-up email was sent one week after the survey was launched to remind nurses that the survey was still available (Dillman, Smyth, & Christian, 2009). To increase response rate, additional emails were sent at two and three weeks after survey initiation. Participation implied consent. Participants

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