Adolescence the transition between childhood and

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Adolescence – the transition between childhood and adulthood commonly associated with the teenage years Physical maturation – puberty Primary sex characteristics – the reproductive organs and genitals that distinguish sexes o Female – uterus, ovaries, vagina o Male – prostate, penis, testes, scrotum Secondary sex characteristics – sex differentiating characteristics that don’t relate directly to reproduction, such as breasts in women and voice changes in men o Female – growth spurt, menstrual cycle, breast development (mammary glands), widening of hips, pubic hair, fat deposits, further growth and development of primary sex characteristics (estrogen) o Male – enlarged larynx (Adam’s apple), deepening voice, facial and chest hair, pubic hair, coarser skin texture, large increase in height (androgens) o Everybody has both estrogen and testosterone, only the balance is different Menarche – the start of menstruation Spermarche – a male’s first ejaculation Brain – frontal lobes don’t mature until late adolescence or early adulthood Erikson’s Eight Ages of Human Development Early development and social interaction Lifespan divided into eight stages: o Infancy / birth – basic needs consistently or inconsistently met Predictability sense of trust o Toddlehood – realize they can direct their own behavior Direction autonomy o Early childhood – pre-schoolers challenged to control behavior Responsibility initiative o Middle childhood – school-aged, have more opportunities to learn New skills industry o Adolescence – choices among many values in life Self confidence identity o Young adulthood – primary task is finding a mate; committed relationship without losing self Sharing intimacy o Adulthood – creativity & productivity; nurturing the next generation Focus outward generativity o Late adulthood – wisdom, spirituality, tranquility; wholeness of self Acceptance integrity Emotional crisis at each stage – positive/negative resolutions and development; must overcome the crisis during that stage, otherwise will become emotionally upset during next stage Adulthood
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Adulthood – begins early 20s; divided into young, middle, and late Menopause – decline in reproductive system Andropause – changes in the sexual hormones and reproductive system of males Increase in health problems Ups and Downs of Adulthood Life transitions in adulthood – career, love and commitment, parenthood, and midlife transitions Careers – one of the biggest sources of anxiety for young adults graduating from college is what they’re going to do for a living Love and commitment – falling in love and making a serious commitment to sharing a life with someone can be exciting, romantic, and fulfilling Parenthood – becoming a parent is probably the biggest transition that adults can undergo
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  • Summer '07
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  • Psychology, Intelligence quotient, Sir Francis Galton, Charles Spearman

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