Personality Theories Notes.docx

15 neurosis is a psychic disturbance brought by fears

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Neurosis is a "psychic disturbance brought by fears and defenses against these fears, and  by attempts to find compromise solutions for conflicting tendencies"  This describes an individual having trouble with coping and handling certain  psychosocial environmental stressors resulting in problems within their selves.  Neurotic cannot be diagnosed without looking at their culture background. Neurotic  feelings and attitudes are determined by the way they live, according to Horney. NEUROTIC NEEDS 1. The neurotic has a desperate need for acceptance and affection.  Anxiety will occur  without these. Neurotics see life as if everything is reasonable and suitable to fit their  needs but in reality, it is impossible.  2.  The neurotic has a need for love  when in an intimate relationship and expect their  partners to take over their lives by solving their problems.  3. The neurotic need to make things simpler  by having no routine or rules. Also, when at  the point of stress, they want to be unnoticeable and avoid confrontation that may add to  their frustration.  4. The neurotic needs to have control and power over others.  5. The neurotic has a need to manipulate others.  They have this need because of their  concern of being used or looking stupid. Practical jokes that may be funny to others are  often not funny to the neurotic. 6. The neurotic has a need to be recognized socially . They are extremely concerned with  appearance and popularity. So, they strive to be outgoing.  7. The neurotic has a need for others to admire their inner qualities . They are desperate  perfectionists, fearing being unimportant or meaningless to others.  8. Neurotics need personal accomplishment.  They are obsessed with it. They want to be  leader of everyone, being top of the world and number one at everything.  9. Neurotics need independence.  They refuse help from others, thinking they can  accomplish things by themselves. Also, if they did receive assistance than it would not be just themselves recognized but the other person as well. They rather have all the attention focused on them individually.  10. Neurotics need perfection , hoping that everything in life is just going to get better and  better. They fear failure and people finding out that they make mistakes. They feel it is  important to be in charge of the all situations.  THREE DEFENSIVE STYLES:  1. Compliant Solution:  the person that is self-effacing, move toward others  2. Expansive Solution:  move against others  a. Narcissism (need for endless praise) 16
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b. Arrogant (getting even) c.
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  • Fall '12
  • JamesRussell

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