HIST 103—Europe

Aligned with the catholic church st boniface leader

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Aligned with the Catholic Church St. Boniface, leader of Benedictines Highly influential Encouraged Martel to overthrow Merovingian 750 Pepin the Short deposed the last  Merovingian 751 Boniface appointed him king Divine sanction Charles Martel  Pepin the Short  Charlemagne (Family Tree) Carlous Magnus  Carolingian Dynasty/Charlemagne  Carolingian Renaissance Holy Roman Emperor 800CE on Christmas Day Louis the Pious 3 sons=Civil War Alfred the Great in England Germany: Otto the Great 962 too the title of Emperor Daily life in the early Middle Ages: Subsistence agriculture Non-urban Limited trade Barter Minimal technology by comparison High Middle Ages
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Agricultural Revolution Plow Crop rotation  Mills Iron horseshoes Wheelbarrows Tandem harnessing  Diversification Manorial life—lord of the manor, who has serfs and peasants who live on a manor, and  contribute the well being of the manor as a whole. Serfs Open field systems Trade Mostly local, barter Italian city states—Genoa, Pisa, Venice Urban Life Gothic architecture The guild systems Apprenticeship Journeymen  Crusades Alexus Comenus Urban II, Pope,  Sent out a message to go protect the Holy land Peter the Hermit, went around France and got flocks of people to go. Four Crusaders Kingdom of Jerusalem  Edessa
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Antioch Tripoli
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14:45
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