Forehead males have a broad dark blue frontal band

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forehead, males have a broad dark-blue frontal band bordered above and below by light blue, which is less distinct in females and often absent in juveniles. The bill is dark grey in adults and yellowish-orange in juveniles. Neophema chrysogaster makes a distinctive ‘buzz’ alarm call when flushed. The similar Blue-winged Parrot occurs on King Island and can be mistaken for Neophema chrysogaster , but lacks the grass-green upperparts, distinctive alarm call and intense orange belly (in males) of Neophema chrysogaster. Neophema chrysogaster breeds in coastal southwestern Tasmania then migrates to the coasts of Victoria and South Australia for the winter. Both sexes breed in their first year and birds tend to be monogamous. Natural nest sites consist of a hollow in a limb or trunk of living western peppermint ( Eucalyptus nitida ) or occasionally black gum ( Eucalyptus ovata ). Neophema chrysogaster eats seeds and fruits of grasses, chenopods, sedges, saltmarsh succulents and herbs by foraging on the ground or climbing on food plants. Current Status Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 : Critically Endangered Tasmanian Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 : endangered Plate 13. Neophema chrysogaster (Photograph: Dave Watts) Figure 12. Neophema chrysogaster: King Island distribution King Island Biodiversity Management Plan 167
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Existing Conservation Measures The Lavinia State Reserve Draft Management Plan (Parks & Wildlife Service 2004) recommends investigation of options for a high quality walking track in the Sea Elephant River area to educate and inform visitors about the significance of the reserve as habitat for Neophema chrysogaster. The Draft Management Plan also identifies a Special Management Area adjacent to the Sea Elephant River, which will limit access between March and July annually to protect the feeding and roosting habitat of Neophema chrysogaster. In 2007 the King Island Natural Resource Management Group conducted a project aimed at the management and restoration of Neophema chrysogaster habitat across the island (Barrow 2008). Project objectives included establishing annual monitoring of Neophema chrysogaster , mapping of all foraging and roosting habitat, and the instigation of habitat protection measures on the island. Protection of roost sites from fire at Sea Elephant is identified as an important action for Neophema chrysogaster . Protection of this value is incorporated in the Draft King Island Wildfire Management Plan (KIFMAC, 2009) and the Lavinia State Reserve Draft Management Plan 2004 (P&WS 2004). Distribution and Habitat Neophema chrysogaster is endemic to southeastern Australia. The species is migratory, breeding in coastal southwestern Tasmania in summer and migrating to the coasts of Victoria and South Australia for the winter. The species’ current breeding range is a narrow coastal strip of eucalypt forest, rainforest and moorland mosaic in southwest Tasmania between Birchs Inlet and Louisa Bay.
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