15 epicurus argues that if one follows his four

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15. Epicurus argues that, if one follows his four maxims, one can live a life comparatively free of suffering. By contrast, Schopenhauer argues that living a life free of suffering is almost impossible. Outline the reasons they give for their positions, and state which argument you find the most persuasive and why. Epicurus believes that we can create a happy life for ourselves by following his 4 maxims (and before a person can follow his maxims they must be willing to pursue the knowledge of science which would allow them to attain peace if mind since they will understand how the world works) The 4 maxims are: 1. Don’t fear God; since Gods don’t care about us, we shouldn’t fear them because they are not interested in what we do 2. Don’t fear death ; his epistemic reason is that death causes no suffering for the living bc they haven’t experienced death, and it causes no suffering for dead bc they can’t feel. His pragmatic reason is that even if death is bad, it can only cause us more pain if we let it give us stress 3. The good is easy to get ; says that our natural desires (food, shelter) are easy to obtain and if we limit our desires to a type of “stoic mentality”, we would be happier bc we wouldn’t be stressed out by going after luxuries 4. The bad is easy to endure ; dictates that if our desires are moderate enough, we can only encounter physical pain (which is usually short lived/ mild which is easy to endure) Schopenhauer believes suffering is everywhere and inescapable and we essentially live in a cycle of pain. To achieve the transcendental life which Schopenhauer believes provides the most happiness, one must abstain from giving into his will and lead a life of contemplation – which can be achieved by relying on intellect and knowledge. In many ways while the 2 philosophers agree that happiness comes from not going after luxuries and living a life that pursues knowledge. I would argue that Epicurus’ philosophy is more sustainable than Schopenhauer’s because he takes a more stoic approach which I believe is more realistic. In detaching yourself from the world you might avoid pain, but you miss out on pleasures.
16. Why does Marx consider most workers "alienated" from their acts of production? Explain why you do, or don't, think that his analysis applies to the work one does as a student. Does it make a difference if (1) your major is something you are intrinsically interested in, or (2) it is something that you are studying only because you expect the degree to help you get a job at the end?
17. Both Marx and Aristotle understood the human good as involving a type of activity that was particular to humans. Outline the similarities and differences between their two views and explain which of the two conceptions of the human good you find more plausible and why.

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