Conclusion: 5 minutesHomework: Exercises A and B of the Work Page to be completed for homework with the help of thetext.Wrap up the lesson by asking students to do the second activity from ‘Things to do’. They should also find out and write the name of trees whose leaves have been collected. Ask the students to bring one small wooden object, such as a carved animal, or a spoon, etc. from their homes. Lesson plan 18: ForestsDuration: 40 minutesObjective: To emphasize the usefulness of forests and the need to protect themOutcome:Students will be able to•identify the uses of forests and their products•understand the need for conservation of forestsResources:Textbook; Teaching Guide text for explanation; a documentary or video clip on making paper from wood pulp; wooden objects brought by students; a branch of a neemtree; Worksheet 7 from the Teaching Guide AppendixIntroduction: 10 minutesGreet the students and enquire about the homework. A show-and-tell activity can be done at this point. Students share the objects they have brought along and talk about them: what it is, what it ismade of, where it comes from, etc. Also highlight the many uses of the bamboo plant, particularly in China and South-east Asia where it grows in abundance. Ask the students if they knew which animal eats bamboo shoots and leaves (the panda). Appreciate the students while wrapping up the activity.Explanation: 20 minutesThe importance of forests cannot be underestimated; read and explain this to the class. One of the most important uses of forests is for making paper—ask what the book they are reading would be made of if there were few or no trees! This is one of the reasons why forests should be protected and trees should be replanted. Careless cutting down of trees causes ‘deforestation’ as has happened in the north-west of Pakistan, hence it is very important that ‘reforestation’ should take place by planting trees to replace those that have been cut down. Emphasize that it takes years for a tree togrow tall and strong but just a few hours to chop it down. Reforestation not only keeps the forests alive but protects the natural habitat of many animals, birds, insects and reptiles. Show students the branch of a neemtree. Ask them to notice that neemtrees are usually grown in and outside the homes in Pakistan. The neemis also a natural pesticide and if planted at distances on farmlands and fields, it protects the crops from harmful pests. Use the explanation in the three paragraphs following the suggested activity on page 16 of the Teaching Guide to enhance students’ knowledge.
62Arrange to show the documentary/video clip on making paper from wood pulp. Then ask the students if they have any queries. Briefly explain the process and then ask them to write the steps in their notebooks. Take rounds to assist those who need help. Encourage the students to make somedrawings to accompany the text they have written.