SOURCE F The following cartoon entitled Step on it Doc is adapted from a

Source f the following cartoon entitled step on it

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SOURCE F The following cartoon entitled “Step on it, Doc!” is adapted from a journal published in the United States in 1947. Source: “Step on it, Doc! – History Tunes website” ( ) (Accessed on 17 January 2014). SOURCE G The following excerpt is adapted from Harry Truman’s address before a joint session of Congress on 12 March 1947. I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes. Source: “Student Activity: Harry Truman and the Truman Doctrine – Harry S. Truman Library & Museum website” ( ) (Accessed on 17 January 2014) 116
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(a) Refer to Source F. What is the cartoonist’s view about the role of the Soviet Union in western Europe? Support your answer with one clue from Source F. (1+1 marks) (b) Refer to Source G. Would Harry Truman agree with the view of the cartoonist as you pointed out in part (a)? Explain your answer with reference to Source G and using your own knowledge. (4 marks) (c) What are the usefulness and limitations of Sources F and G in explaining the reasons for the intervention of the United States in the post-WWII economic development of Europe? Explain your answer with reference to Sources F and G and using your own knowledge. (6 marks) Question 4 Suggested answers and reference for assessment (a) Cartoonist’s view about the role of the USSR in western Europe [1+1 marks] Cartoonist’s view about the role of the USSR: - The USSR was trouble-maker / source of chaos. Clue: - The eagle labeled “communism” (representing the USSR) was bringing the evil-looking child labeled “chaos” and flying to western Europe at high speed. [1 mark] [1 mark] (b) Whether Harry Truman would agree with the cartoonist’s view [4 marks] L1 General answer without due reference to Sources F and G L2 Well explained answer with due reference to Sources F and G Harry Truman’s view: AGREE with the cartoonist’s view - Harry Truman mentioned that there were people in Europe “who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures” (Source G). This corresponds to the possible threat of “chaos” being brought by the eagle to western Europe (Source F). - Harry Truman pointed out that the US policy was to “assist free peoples to work out their own destinies” and to provide “economic and financial aid” (Source G). This corresponds to the doctor (representing the US Congress) rushing to western Europe to forestall “chaos” (Source F).
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