Thousands of lives and temporarily deprived the

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thousands of lives and temporarily deprived the French people of liberty and due process. As an instrument of the Revolution, the Terror provided both advantages and disadvantages. In 1793, Robespierre spoke to the National Convention on the importance of radicalism and the creation of a unified force against rebels (doc. 3). He argued that a “revolutionary government was obliged to defend the state itself against the factions that assail it from every quarter.” (doc. 3) Robespierre’s policies were harsh.
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The Reign of Terror deprived the French people of liberty and due process of law (for example, the Law of 22 Prairial and the activities of the Tribunals), but the fear did prevent opposition and the killings did destroy Robespierre’s enemies. In fact, because of the many divisions within the Republic (the Jacobin factions of Mountains, Sans-culottes, and Girondists) as well as the opposition from surrounding countries (Prussia, Austria, Great Britain, Spain, Sardinia, and Holland), the French Revolution may have collapsed without the unifying force of the Reign of Terror. The Reign of Terror, however, had more disadvantages to the Revolution than advantages. It was more harmful to the French people than beneficial. William Pitt, in his speech to Parliament, claimed the Revolutionary government was irrational and could not possibly last: “ . . . in these circumstances what can be the dependence
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