The process consisted of 1 preliminary data collection interviews with students

The process consisted of 1 preliminary data

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The process consisted of 1) preliminary data collection: interviews with students, teachers, and parents, videotaping classroom lessons; 2) eleven weekly 2 h CL sessions with the whole faculty (27 persons); 3) teachers’ experimentation with new practices; 4) collection of follow-up data. 6
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A contradiction in teachers’ view of the students The teachers especially wanted the Change Laboratory to help them to find a way to overcome the students’ apathy, which they experienced as a major problem. As this problem was discussed in a Change Laboratory session, one of the teachers remarked that she had seen some of the students pursuing their hobby very energetically after the school hours. There were two contradictory characterizations of the same students as apathetic at school and as energetic at their hobby. 7
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A new element in students’ studies One of the ideas created in the Change Laboratory that the teachers started to implement was a new kind of ’final project’ that the students carried out during the last semester before leaving the school. Each student chose him or herself the object of the project. Several teachers supported the students in carrying out their projects. 8
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9 The final project allowed the students and forced the teachers to operate beyond and across encapsulated school subjects and work on a long-term basis. The final project introduced work motivated by the pride of achieving something beyond the demands of the curriculum, but offered the students also a change to enhance their grades.” The researchers’ characterization of the effects of the final project on the school work
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10 The final project united two opposing set of features, those of systematic school work and those of pursuing one’s hobby The final project Students as apathetic at school Academic criteria of success Students as energetic and motivated at their hobbies Criteria of success based on individuals' interests The final project mediated the interaction between teachers and students in a new way
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The basic idea of formative intervention is to find a way to resolve a contradiction within an activity by re- mediating the relationship of interaction in which there is a contradiction. 11
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12 The Change Laboratory, Action Research and Design Experiments 1 2 3 Problems Solutions Finding a way to resolve the contradictions by reconceptualising the object and purpose of the activity expansively. Focus Immediately visible events and problems in individuals’ actions within the joint activity Systemic structure of the collective activity Taking new kinds of actions: implementing new instruments, rules, ways of dividing labor and collaborating.
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