STATE PERSONAL LIBERTY LAWS The laws were designed to protect free blacks

State personal liberty laws the laws were designed to

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STATE PERSONAL LIBERTY LAWSThe laws were designed to protect free blacks, freedmen, and fugitive slaves by effectively nullifying the Fugitive Slave Law of 1793 and 1850. This was done through provisions such as forbidding the use of state jails to imprison alleged fugitives, to prevent state officials from enforcing the strict law, and compelling slave bounty hunters to furnish corroborative proof that his captive was a fugitive, as well as according the accused the rights to trial by jury and appeal. Notably, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Vermont, Michigan and Wisconsin had such laws.New Jersey did not have a personal liberty law
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PUDD’NHEAD WILSON
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WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN THE MOVIEAccording to Twain, which has the most influence on character: nature or nurture?Why are Italian twins, Angelo and Luigi in this story?What role does science play in this story?What do you think of Roxy and what she does.Is this a detective story, a courtroom drama or both.
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Is this a racist story or a story about race? What is Twain’s position on race? Who is the hero of Pudd’nhead Wilson? Does it have a hero? What makes him or her heroic?Was the ending of the novel satisfactory for you? In what ways is it logical or emotionally satisfying (or unsatisfying)?
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DRED SCOTT“A Self-Inflicted Wound”Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes
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ISSUES IN DRED SCOTTULTIMATE QUESTION - DID DRED SCOTT BECOME FREE BY LIVING IN FREE TERRITORIES OR STATESSUBSIDIARY QUESTIONSCOULD/SHOULD FEDERAL COURTS CREATE FEDERAL COMMON LAW OF FREEDOMDID FEDERAL COURTS HAVE JURISDICTION OVER DISPUTE BETWEEN ENSLAVED AND OWNERDID FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAVE RIGHT TO BAN SLAVERY IN TERRITORIES. WAS THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE CONSTITUIONAL?
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JURISDICTIONJURISDICTION REFERS TO COURT’S POWER TO RESOLVE PARTICULAR DISPUTEJURISDICTION OVER PARTICULAR TERRITORYJURISDICTION OVER PERSONSJURISDICTION OF TYPES OF DISPUTES - SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION
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FEDERAL COURTSLIMITED JURISDICTIONFEDERAL QUESTIONS - DISPUTES ARISING UNDER FEDERAL LAW. PRIOR TO 1875, NEEDED SPECIFIC GRANT OF JURISDICTION. AFTER 1875, JURISDICTION OVER GENERAL FEDERAL QUESTIONS.DIVERSITYPARTIES CITIZENS OF DIFFERENT STATESAMOUNT IN CONTROVERSY IN EXCESS OF STATUTORY AMOUNT. INITIALLY $500, NOW $75,000
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FEDERAL COURT STRUCTURECIRCA 1857DISTRICT COURT – MINOR TRIALSCIRCUIT COURT – MAJOR TRIALSSUPREME COURT – APPEALS FROM HIGHEST STATE COURTS AND FROM CIRCUIT COURTLIMITED ORIGINAL JURISDICTION OF DISPUTES BETWEEN STATES
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DRED SCOTT’S TRAVELSScott was born in Virginia around 1799. His master was Peter Blow. In 1830, Scott and Blow moved from Alabama to Missouri.
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