Trauma informed Approach SAMHSA 2014a outlines Key Assumptions and Principles

Trauma informed approach samhsa 2014a outlines key

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Trauma-informed ApproachSAMHSA (2014a) outlines “Key Assumptions and Principles” of a trauma-informed approach (p.9): 1.Realization: People’s experience and behavior are understood in the context of coping strategies designed to survive adversity and overwhelming circumstances, whether these occurred in the past (i.e., a client dealing with prior child abuse), whether they are currently manifesting (i.e., a staff member living with domestic
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Holistic Career Counseling for Ex-Offenders13violence in the home), or whether they are related to the emotional distress that results in hearing about the firsthand experiences of another.SAMHSA, 2014a, p.9Ex-offenders often have primarily negative experiences with mainstream institutions such as school, health care facilities, welfare and child welfare offices, lawyers, police and courts. Ex-offenders are facing many demands such as those between their families, requirement of substance abuse treatment and those of parole/probation. From the individual’s point of view, it may seem like instead of helping, demands are just being piled onto them (SAMHSA, 2000, p.4).Resistance should not be interpreted as “willful disobedience” but considered as coming from other sources, such as trauma, fear, anxiety or disculturation (SAMHSA, 2000, p.3). Treating a client with respect entails working together to find out why they are resistant and helping them to overcome barriers (SAMHSA, 2000, p.3). Confidentiality should be respected by holding conversations privately and addressing clients directly (SAMHSA, 2000, p.3). 2.Recognize: People in the organization or system are also able to recognize the signs of trauma… Trauma screening and assessment assist in the recognition of trauma, as do workforce development, employee assistance and supervision.SAMHSA, 2014a, p.9Identifying signs of trauma are important, as untreated trauma is a barrier to growth and may impede a client’s success in obtaining and sustaining employment.3.Responds: The program, organization, or system responds by applying the principles of a trauma-informed approach to all areas of functioning. The program, organization, or
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Holistic Career Counseling for Ex-Offenders14system integrates an understanding that the experience of traumatic events impacts all people involved, whether directly or indirectly.SAMHSA, 2014a, p.10Understanding how trauma impacts clients can help counselors develop ways of addressing the stresses of job searching and the interview process that are trauma-informed. 4.Resist re-traumatization: A trauma-informed approach seeks to resist re-traumatization ofclients as well as staff… Staff who work within a trauma-informed environments are taught to recognize how organizational practices may trigger painful memories and re-traumatize clients with trauma histories.
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