100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 8 - 12 out of 20 pages.
Following the Partition of India, the bulk of the archaeological finds were inherited by Pakistan where most of the IVC was based, and excavations from this time include those led by Sir Mortimer Wheeler in 1949, archaeological adviser to the Government of Pakistan. Outposts of the Indus Valley civilization were excavated as far west as Sutkagan Dor in Baluchistan, as far north as at Shortugai on the Amu Darya (the river's ancient name was Oxus) in current Afghanistan, as far east as at Alamgirpur, Uttar Pradesh, India and as far south as at Malwan, Surat Dist., India.On July 11th, heavy floods hit Haryana in India and damaged the archaeological site of Jognakhera, where ancient copper smelting were found dating back almost 5,000 years. The Indus Valley Civilization site was hit by almost 10 feet of water as the Sutlej Yamuna link canal overflowed.Mohenjo Daro
Mohenjo Daro - Mound of the Dead - is an archeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around2600 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world'searliest major urban settlements, contemporaneous with the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, andCrete. Mohenjo-daro was abandoned in the 19th century BCE, and was not rediscovered until 1922. Significantexcavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which was designated a UNESCO World HeritageSite in 1980. However, the site is currently threatened by erosion and improper restoration.
The 4,500-Year-Old City of Mohenjo Daro Is CrumblingSmithsonian - October 18, 2013 Mohenjo Daro likely was, at its time, the greatest city in the world. Roughly 4,500 years ago, as many as 35,000people lived and worked in the massive city, which occupies 250 acres along PakistanÕs Indus river. Mohenjo Daro sat beneath the soil for thousands of years, a preserved relic of the ancient Indus Valley civilization. But excavation exposed the city to the elements, and now, says the Telegraph, the ruins may have as little as 20 years left.GovernmentArchaeological records provide no immediate answers for a center of power or for depictions of people in power in Harappan society. But, there are indications of complex decisions being taken and implemented. For instance, the extraordinary uniformity of Harappan artifacts as evident in pottery, seals, weights and bricks. These are the major theories:There was a single state, given the similarity in artifacts, the evidence for planned settlements, the standardized ratio of brick size, and the establishment of settlements near sources of raw material.There was no single ruler but several: Mohenjo-daro had a separate ruler, Harappa another, and so forth.Harappan society had no rulers, and everybody enjoyed equal status.
Science and TechnologyThe people of the Indus Civilization achieved great accuracy in measuring length, mass, and time. They were among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures. A comparison of available objects indicates large scale variation across the Indus territories. Their smallest division, which is marked on an ivory scale found in Lothal, was approximately 1.704 mm, the smallest division ever recorded on a scale of the