- Francisco Mercado – youngest son of Juan Mercado; Rizal’s father. Maternal Side- Lakan Dula – descendant; last native king of Tondo.- Eugenio Ursua – great-great grandfather of Rizal; Japanese married to a Filipina namedBenigna.- Regina – daughter of Eugenio, married Manuel de Quintos (Filipino-Chinese lawyer).- Brigida – daughter of Regina who married Lorenzo Alberto Alonso (Spanish-Filipino mestizo).The Rizal HomeA 2-storey building, rectangular in shape, built of adobe stones and hardwoods, and roofed with redtiles. Behind the house were poultry yard full of turkeys and chickens, and a big garden of tropical fruittrees (atis, balimbing, chico, macopa, papaya, santol, tampoy, etc.).A Good and Middle-Class Family Principalia – a town aristocracy in Spanish Philippines was one of the distinguished families inCalamba. Carriage – a status symbol of the ilustrados in Spanish Philippines. Private Library – the largest in Calamba; consisted of more than 1,000 volumes.Chapter 2: Childhood Years in CalambaCalamba, the Hero’s town Calamba Natal town of Rizal. Named after a big native jar. Happiest period of Rizal’s life was spent in this lakeshore town, a worthy prelude to hisHamlet-like tragic manhood. Hacienda town which belonged to the Dominican Order. Picturesque town nestling on a verdant plain covered with irrigated rice fields and sugar lands.A few kilometers to the south looms of the legendary Mt. Makiling and beyond this mountain is the province of Batangas. East of the town is the Laguna de Bay. Un Recuerdo A Mi Pueblo (In Memory of My Town) A poem written by Rizal in 1876 when he was 15 years old and a student of Ateneo de Manila.Earliest Childhood Memories
The first memory of Rizal, in his infancy, was his happy days in the family garden when he was 3years old. He was given the tenderest care by his parents because he was frail, sickly,and undersized. His father built a little nipa cottage in the garden for him to play in the daytime. An aya (nurse maid), a kind old woman, was employed to look after him.He watched from the cottage, the culiauan, maya, maria capra, & martin pitpit and other birds andlistened with “wonder and joy” to the twilight songs. The daily Angelus prayer. The happy moonlit nights at the azotea after the nightly Rosary. The imaginary tales told by the aya aroused Rizal’s interest in legends and folklore. The aya would threaten Rizal with asuang, nuno, tigbalang, or a terrible bearded and turbanedBombay would come to take him away if he would not eat his supper. The nocturnal walk in the town esp. when there was a moon with his aya by the river.The Hero’s First Sorrow Death of Little Concha (Concepcion)- “When I was four years old,” he said, “I lost my little sister Concha, and then for the first timeI shed tears caused by love and grief…”Devoted Son of the Church Young Rizal is a religious boy. He grew up a good Catholic.
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- Fall '19
- Dr. Maximo Viola- Rizal, Protacio