22.City of Los Angeles v. Patel-LA municipal code requirement that every hotel has to keep a record of who all is staying there available to LAPD■Is this a violation of the 4th amendment?
23. Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Assn. v. State Farm Mutual Auto Ins. Co . ● The national highway and traffic safety administration (NHTSA) issued Standard 208 (1967) ○ Required installation of seatbelts or airbags in all new automobiles ○ Two months after reopening the rulemaking, the NHTSA ordered a one-year delay in the first application of the standard and proposed the possible rescission of the entire standard ○ the NHTSA issued a final rule rescinding Modified Standard 208’s passive restraint requirement. In rescinding this requirement, the NHTSA stated that it could no longer find—as it had prior to the initial proposal of the rule—that such a requirement would produce significant safety benefits. ● State Farm Mutual and other insurance companies sued for review of the rescission order ● The rescission was arbitrary and capricious ( NHTSA ) : an action not based upon consideration of relevant factors (all cars to have airbags) ○ Reasons why: ■ NHTSA gave no consideration to modifying the Standard to require that the airbag technology be utilized ■ They were too quick to dismiss the safety benefits of automatic seatbelts ■ They failed to articulate a basis for not requiring non detachable belts under the Standard ● Failed to offer rational connection between facts and judgement Lecture Notes: 8/31 Intro to Ethics ● The speed limit problem ● In the real world if you’re driving 55 (the speed limit) people hate you and want you to move to the right lane. ● The speed limit is one of the simplest law out there, so how can we determine right and wrong when we have clear laws. ● Going over the speed limit- the law says we are criminals but ethics says we are just fine. ● Personal experience tells us that driving over the speed limit is okay. ● Social context tells us the right way to act in regards to what everyone else is doing. ● Ethics and law pulls us in opposite directions. 9/5 Ethics: study of morality; systematic exploration of moral values, standards, obligations, reasoning, and judgement...in business it’s about how you treat people “Everybody has their own truth” - Reasonable Person Standard (asks us to look at our own truth and then look at others versions of truth which helps us figure out what is generally acceptable) ● Trust is our perception of another’s ethics
○ Trust: knowing someone will make good decisions that are ethically beneficial issues ○ A representation of ethics and morality, a feeling toward people, businesses, products Individual vs. Shared ● Garden Variety Negligence: describes the dichotomy b/w moral relativism and moral pluralism.
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- Spring '08