monitor and they must form connections with other community groups and work together with them in order to solve the community problems. A second difference between community policing and traditional policing is that traditional policing refers to when “the police must rely entirely on the coercive power of the criminal law to gain control over individuals” (Cheyard, 2014). Traditional policing is more about using aggressive street tactics that are used whereas community policing is about making sure that individuals have no fear that a crime is being committed. A third difference is that traditional policing is focused on serious crimes as opposed to attaining social order within the community which is community policing. Cheyard (2014) states, when referring to traditional policing it is about “applying the law and deterring crime are the central focuses of all police activities under the traditional model.” Community policing
FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE 5 calls for a more strategic and thoughtful incorporation of these aspects of police business into an overall broader police mission focused on the proactive prevention of crime and disorder, whereas traditional policing focuses on crime control and crime repression. Since there are differences between community policing and traditional policing, it is important to implement specific elements when dealing with the evaluation phases of community policing and problem solving. There are many different important elements of using implementation and evaluation phases of community policing and problem solving. It is important to have a detailed long range plan with tasks and timelines and assigning officers to execute the plan when using implementation in order make sure that the phases of community policing and problem solving techniques obtain the positive results that one is looking to achieve. It can be a complicated and multifaceted process when it comes to using implementation towards creating a community policing strategy since it involves a lot of planning and managing for change to occur (Bureau of Justice Assistance, 1994). An implementation plan can and will vary on a company since it is based on their needs because of any internal and external conditions the company could be facing. According to the Bureau of Justice Assistance (1994), “One factor that will affect the approach to implementation is the extent of change that is required. In some agencies, current operations procedures and management practices may already conform closely to community policing, while in others extensive changes may be necessary.” Priorities and goals within the agency should be identified in order to solve the problem that is occurring there. The second factor and element is communication. Communication must be timely, comprehensive, and direct from whoever is communicating the information (Bureau of Justice Assistance, 1994).
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- Winter '14