chicano studies morelos.docx

Que mueran los gachupinesdeath to the white devils

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¡Que mueran los gachupines!’–Death to the white devils! They had lived and suffered under it ever since they were born as a people. It is a yoke they unwillingly bore and constantly sought to cast off.” (190) Yet, more than simply a force, and source, of rebellious energy, the castas comprised a complex society of differentiated groups with distinct histories, needs, resources and visions of the directions a new nation might take. For a successful movement, though, ending slavery was not enough. Hidalgo clearly understood the importance of the active participation of slaves, specifically, in the struggle. He acted quickly and decisively in this regard, leaving no doubt that the abolishment of slavery and the participation of Blacks in the movement were an integral part of the future. In the first month of the insurgence, Hidalgo declared the end to both caste laws as well as slavery. On October 19, 1810, he imposed the penalty of death and the confiscation of property for slave owners who refused to free their slaves, prohibited the slave trade, under penalty of death proclaimed the end of slave trafficking, and suppressed the casta tribute payment. Before his death, Hidalgo also claimed that the abolition of slavery meant that former slaves held a social status equal to the Spaniard.
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