8 Define transient hypertrophy and explain how it occurs a Increased muscle

8 define transient hypertrophy and explain how it

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8. Define transient hypertrophy and explain how it occurs.a.Increased muscle size that develops during and immediately following a single exercise boutb.Occurs b/c fluid accumulates in the interstitial and intracellular spaces of the muscle that comes from blood plasma 9. Define chronic hypertrophy.a.An increase in muscle size that occurs with long term resistance trainingb.Actual structural changes in the muscle 10. What is the difference between hypertrophy and hyperplasia? a.Hypertrophy= increase in the size of existing individual muscle fibersb.Hyperplasia= increase in the number of muscle fibers 11. When looking at the whole muscle, how could you explain hypertrophy (i.e., what is accounting for the larger size of the muscle)? 12. How is protein synthesis involved with muscle hypertrophy? 13. Does nutrition have an effect on this? How? a.Yes (see above) 14. What hormone(s) have an effect on this? a. testosterone
15. Describe the current thought on how hyperplasia occurs. 16. How might satellite cells contribute to hyperplasia? a.May generate new skeletal muscle fibersb.Activated by stretch injuryc.After activation, cells proliferate, migrate and fuse17. Does muscle fiber hyperplasia occur in humans with exercise training?

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