on the culture in which it occurs b Aspects of society which effect sex

On the culture in which it occurs b aspects of

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on the culture in which it occurs b. Aspects of society which effect sex behavior i. Religion 1. Shapes sexual norms (standard of behavior); (ex. Procreation ideology) ii. Economy 1. Sex can be sold 2. Sex tourism iii. Family 1. Socialization of children; teach them norms for behavior iv. Procreational sex: to create other humans v. Relational sex: vi. Recreational sex: sex for fun vii. Medicine 1. Medicalization of sexuality 2. Masturbation is natural & healthy 3. Called Therapeutic ideology viii. Law 1. Determine norms 2. Are basis for mechanisms of social control 3. Reflects the interests of the powerful 4. Dominant groups within a society ix. Sexual Scripts 1.What is it? 2.How do we learn it?
3. Ideology of Society a. fundamental assumptions about human nature and a culture Chapter 3: Sex Research I. Studies vary in these ways a. How its measured b. # of people c. Lab or in the field d. Naturally or through manipulation II. Sampling: why is it important? a. Population: identify appropriate population of people to be studied b. Sample i. Random sample: the sample is representative of the population from which it is drawn c. Volunteer bias: a bias in the results of sex surveys that arises when some people refuse to participate, so that those who are in the sample are volunteers who may in some ways differ from those who refuse to participate d. Concealment: minimize their sexual activity or hide the fact that they have done certain things III. Reliability of Self-Reports a. May or may not tell you the truth by i. Test-retest reliability: a series of questions is repeated to measure the reliability of responses ii. Obtaining independent reports from two different people who share sexual activity is another method of assessing reliability b. How validate info? i. 1.0 perfect reliability, 0 no correlation IV. Interviews vs. Questionnaires a. Interviews i. Face-to-face or phone interview ii. Interviewer can establish rapport iii. Interviewer can vary sequence of questions iv. Can be administered to people who cannot read or write b. Questionnaires i. Respondents may be more honest because they are more anonymous ii. May be better at assessing risky or stigmatized behaviors V. Web-based Surveys a. Advantages i. Larger and broader samples ii.

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