Urdu newspapers have developed greater objectivity in

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Urdu newspapers have developed greater objectivity, in reporting , news analysis, and expression of opinion. They now play a far greater role in shaping public opinion. Unlike the past the volume and size of newspapers have increased. They are printed on automatic photo-offset machines, produce special colorful editions and supplements on several occasions. These measures have added to the circulation and the outlook and have also attracted advertisers significantly. 3 The urdu newspaper organizations have grown in size. Major newspapers have a staff in hundreds and are in a position to pay better wages and job security to the employees. This was not possible 40 years back. Magazine journalism has also made substantial progress as periodicals are now being published on specialized subjects such as healthcare, fashion, sports, showbiz etc. Newspapers have now become a necessity with their readers. In addition to news they also provide small pieces of information, classified advertisements, announcements regarding the sale and purchase of items of daily use, train/plane timings, market and currency rates, weather forecasts, entertainment page, and host of other information which help the common man in daily routine.
A major breakthrough in urdu journalism was made by daily Jang when it introduced Noori Nastaleeq, computerized calligraphy. This was followed by some other newspapers as well. Another innovation introduced by JANG was concerning the display on news. Given the strict economy of space, it takes pains to squeeze more and more headlines into the front page. While most of the news is capsule in the headlines, the text is carried forwarded to inner pages. 4. The Development of English Newspapers in Pakistan . At the time of partition there were only two English newspapers in Pakistan . these were Civil & Military Gazette and Pakistan Times. Daily Dawn came to Karachi afterwards. 4 In seventies and eighties major English newspapers emerged. These were THE NEWS, NATION, MUSLIM, and FRONTIER POST A number of new newspapers have emerged in last few years. These include, EXPRESS TRIBUNE, DAILY TIMES, FRIDAY TIMES The quality of reporting, analysis and presentation have improved in English newspaper significantly. However their circulation is not very high. It has a limited following but has always enjoyed more prestige and credibility than the urdu language papers. 5. The Suppression of Print Media. Right from the start the print media had to suffer at the hands of democratically elected governments in Pakistan. The print media wanted to enjoy total press freedom like other democratic countries. But the government did not allow that, which resulted in strained relations between the press and the government. In the period 1947-57, the newspapers were suppressed through: (1) cancellation of declaration on some flimsy grounds, (2) cutting short or totally stopping the newsprint quota (3) withdrawing the government’s advertisements, (4) asking the printing press not to print the paper.

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