Of the circulation path necessary to reach an area of

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of the circulation path necessary to reach an area of refuge. An area of refuge is a space that serves as a temporary haven from the effects of a fire or other emergency. A person with a visual impairment must be able to travel from the area of refuge to the public way, although such travel might depend on the assistance of others. Special Note 5 A person with a visual impairment needs to know if there is a usable circulation path from the building. If there is not a usable circulation path, then the personal emergency evacuation plan for that person will require that alternative routes and methods of evacuation be put in place. For People with Disabilities, Which Circulation Paths Are Usable, Available, and Closest? Exits should be marked by tactile signs that are properly located so they can be readily found by a person with a visual impairment from any direction of approach to the exit access.
Emergency Evacuation Planning Guide for People with Disabilities Sign up free NFPA “e - ACCESS” newsletter @ Copyright © 2016 National Fire Protection Association All or portions of this work may be reproduced, displayed or distributed for personal or non-commercial purposes. Commercial reproduction, display or distribution may only be with permission of the National Fire Protection Association. 25 Where not all circulation paths are usable by people with disabilities, the usable circulation paths should be identified by the tactile international symbol of accessibility: The location of exit signage and directional signage for those with visual impairments is clearly and strictly specified by codes. The requirements include but are not limited to the type, size, spacing, and color of letters for visual characters and the type, size, location, character height, stroke width, and line spacing of tactile letters or Braille characters. The specific code requirements are included in Annex C. Special Note 6 It may be practical to physically take new employees with visual impairments to and through the usable circulation paths and to all locations of directional signage to usable circulation paths. In addition, simple floor plans of the building indicating the location of and routes to usable circulation path should be available in alternative formats such as single-line, high-contrast plans. These plans should be given to visitors with visual impairments when they enter the building so they can find the exits in an emergency. Tactile and Braille signs should be posted at the building entrances stating the availability of the floor plans and where to pick them up. Building security personnel, including those staffing the entrances, should be trained in all accessible building evacuation systems and be able to direct anyone to the nearest usable circulation path.

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