Emergency Evacuation Planning Guide for People with Disabilities
Sign up free NFPA “e
ACCESS” newsletter @
Copyright © 2016 National Fire Protection Association
All or portions of this work may be reproduced, displayed or distributed for personal or non-commercial purposes.
Commercial reproduction, display or distribution may only be with permission of the National Fire Protection
Where not all circulation paths are usable by people with disabilities, the usable
circulation paths should be identified by the tactile international symbol of
The location of exit signage and directional signage for those with visual
impairments is clearly and strictly specified by codes. The requirements include
but are not limited to the type, size, spacing, and color of letters for visual
characters and the type, size, location, character height, stroke width, and line
spacing of tactile letters or Braille characters. The specific code requirements are
included in Annex C.
Special Note 6
It may be practical to physically take new employees with visual
impairments to and through the usable circulation paths and to
all locations of directional signage to usable circulation paths. In
addition, simple floor plans of the building indicating the location
of and routes to usable circulation path should be available in
alternative formats such as single-line, high-contrast plans.
These plans should be given to visitors with visual impairments
when they enter the building so they can find the exits in an
emergency. Tactile and Braille signs should be posted at the
building entrances stating the availability of the floor plans and
where to pick them up. Building security personnel, including
those staffing the entrances, should be trained in all accessible
building evacuation systems and be able to direct anyone to the
nearest usable circulation path.