Perceptions of physical quality and behavior, disclosed information, and third-party information: passive, active, third party. Causal Attribution Theory Circumstance, stimuli, person herself or himself. General circumstances surrounding even (outside of your control) Standpoint Theory Interpret behavior of others through the lens of our own social position, power or cultural background. Barriers to Accurate Perception Physiological states, Ignoring information, Overgeneralizing, Oversimplifying, Stereotyping, Imposing consistency, Focus on Negative (positivity or negativity bias), making a fundamental attribution error: people are more likely to blame others rather than themselves when something goes wrong. Attraction a force that draws people together, often by evoking interest or admiration; multifaceted process; can be based on first impressions or on acquired knowledge about a person
Physical Attraction results when we are drawn to people's look, whether that be someone's body, eyes, hair, attire, or other aspects of a person's appearance Social Attraction reflects the feeling that we would like to "hang out" and be friends with someone Task-Oriented desire to work with someone to fulfill instrumental goals, such as completing a project or making a presentation Fatal occurs when the very qualities that draw us to someone eventually contribute to relational breakup. Model of Attraction Attraction> The other person (potential partner)> Chemistry or Interaction between two people> Social, contextual, and environmental factors Personal-Related Factors Rewards: what we look for in others-- varies by person, culture, and sex Expectancies: What we expect other people to be like, sometimes based on stereotypes or past experiences Personality: Narcissism, relationship beliefs, etc Other Person Factors The Hard-to-Get Phenomenon; The Interpersonal Communication-- warmth, humor, altruistic behavior, dominance; "What is Beautiful is Good"- Halo Effect; Assimilation Effect Similarity in Attraction -in attitudes -communication skills (good or poor) -physical appearance (matching hypothesis) -- similarity is reinforcing Social and Environmental Factors -Excitation/affect transfer -"closing time" effect -Influence from Social Networks: disapproval spells doom, or the Romeo and Juliet Effect -Proximity- the mere exposure hypothesis Uncertainty Reduction Theory Prior- theories were primarily social/psychological at the time (1975) Berger did not like that the primary factor was reward/cost without looking at communicative factors. Went against grain of time, first real theory of communication. Uncertainty in Initial Encounters People seek info to reduce uncertainty during initial encounters with others. People can reduce UNC using passive, active, interactive strategies.
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