Congress. When Kennedy first came into office, democrats dominated Congress. Southern Democrats even proposed that they would join with the Republicans in order to make Kennedy’s proposals fail. However, Kennedy was able to dominate Congress by forcing an expansion of the House Rules Committee, controlled mostly by conservatives. Kennedy’s New Frontier may have failed with the Soviet Union, but it did work with Western Europe. The Trade Expansion Act was passed in 1962 along with other tariff negotiations, resulting in prosperous European-American trade. Another one of Kennedy’s New Frontier plans that was not accepted in Europe concerned an “Atlantic Community.” He desired to unite Europe and the United States economically and militarily. However, Charles de Gaulle, the president of France, was suspicious of American
McFadden 2 intentions and went against this, desiring an independent Europe that remained uninfluenced by the United States. President Kennedy’s “New Frontier” was an attempt to get the country moving again. From the outset, he was faced with steeping challenges that threatened his entire legislative program, so it could only have been expected that his programs were destined to fail in some areas.