100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 15 - 16 out of 25 pages.
Judenstaat: Means the Jewish State. Published by Herzl in 1896 where he states that anti-Semitism in Europe could not be combatted but must be avoided. He recognized that Jews faced oppression since the middle ages and even civilized nations had not shaken the phenomenon. He believed that the Jewish question was neither a religious or social question (despite popular opinion) but a national one. He believed that the solution to the Jewish question could not be solved by legislation of European nations but the establishment of a jewish state. He debates whether Palestine or Argentina is better place for Jews to settle. Ultimately Palestine is the Jews historic homeland and they should settle there. He offers a deal in which the Ottoman sultan grants them Palestine, and in exchange the Jews run the finances of Turkey and let the holy places of Christianity be run by an internationally. Israel would put up a wall of defense from Asia and Europe while still maintaining contact. Zionist application of imperialist logic: Logic Theodore Herzl uses when trying to claim a Jewish state in Palestine. Herzl argues that the Jews should emulate nations like Germany or the United Kingdom in forming a colony in Palestine. Herzl asserts that a colony is simply a means of dealing with overpopulation and diverting immigration. By creating a Jewish state people would not have to leave their home country, just as germans or British don't have to leave their nation to settle its colonies. World Zionist Congress 1897 : Meeting of Zionists that declared their goals in a way that made them appealing to non jews and jews alike. Did this by replacing the word homeland for state, and public law to international law so the Ottoman Sultan would not be alarmed. Also outlined 4 ways in which a Jewish state would be established in Palestine. They were 1) settlement of farmers, artisans, and laborers 2)Organizing Jews into a single body 3) strengthening Jewish nationalism 4) trying to achieve governmental consent for the Jewish state. Sway of Eastern European Jews: Because Eastern European jews faced the worst anti-semitism they were the jews that pushed the hardest for immigration to Palestine First Aliya 1881-1884: First mass wave of Jewish immigration. Came after Russian and Eastern European pogroms of the 1880s. During this time tens of thousands of Jews immigrated to Ottoman Palestine. Jewish National Fund: Group that was able purchase land in Palestine for Jews to settle. Ottoman immigration policies : Ottomans permitted Jews to settle in the Ottoman Empire anywhere besides Palestine. Furthermore, they demanded that Jews become Ottoman subjects. The Ottomans wished to avoid a nationalist movement forming in Palestine. Despite this many jews immigrated to Palestine anyway.