Lecture17 - Memory Encoding

Highly related to success in life and intelligent

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Highly related to success in life (and intelligent) very open to interference – requires a lot of attention tip of the tongue memory MOMENTO – damage to hippocampus Its in your memory but cannot be retrieved Importance of retrieval cues Many people acquaint working memory with consciousness Trying to get information into long term memory for retrieval later Depth of Encoding Deeper processing leads to better memory i.e thinking about associations (or emotional connections) with words makes the  memory behind it better think about something deeply – elaborative coding looking at vowels – shallow processing Three states of studying reading, thinking deeply, trying to understand boost by rewriting or creating multiple choice question (rich, deep elaborative coding) reading, kind of thinking reading, but nothing is going on very shallow processing and unlikely to remember
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Dual coding Parts that encode words, sounds, visual, etc Represents item in multiple cortical areas which also makes it easier to remember These become potential retrieval cues Putting things into memory in an orderly way make it easier to pull them out as opposed  to putting them in at random Can memory be too good? Jill Prince – an obsessive encoder Encoding – getting information from textbook into long-term memory Some obsessive compulsive about hygiene will compulsively wash their hands Jill thinks about anything that happens to her over and over – to the point that she never  forgets it Remembers everything people say to her – good and bad Forgetting is good to be able to move on  Working memory enables us to remember what needs to be remembered, and forget  the unpleasant things
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