and control. Controlling the project baseline is absolutely essential to project success. Other than misunderstood requirements, bad cost and schedule estimates, and technical difficulties, the things that will most likely imperil a project are the changes.
It is hard to evaluate what has changed if you don’t know where you were to start with.Knowing where you started, and documenting it, establishes your baseline. This baseline is your budget, schedule, and project scope. After the initial iterative planning process, the planning baselines must be frozen and put under configuration control. The importance of putting the scope and plan under version control cannot be overstated. When you have version control, you can measure progress and status. Without version control, status and progress measurements become meaningless. A project without a stable planning baseline is flying blind. Requirements creep can drive costs and schedules beyond their thresholds, and changes implemented in a haphazard fashion, or even many changes implemented in a disciplined fashion, can create confusion throughout a project organization. It is therefore important to manage the pace of change as well as the change process itself. On-going requests for changes to the project requirements may be symptomatic of an incomplete initial requirements analysis or the failure of the project team to adequately involve and communicate with users and customers early in the project effort Question 4•Research the phases in the life cycle of a project and provide an overview of what is involved in each phase. (350 words) Project Management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to a broad range of activities to meet the requirements of a particular project.” There are five phases of project management and if the lifecycle provides a high-level view of the project, the phases are the roadmap to accomplishing it. 1. Project Conception and Initiation – This is the start of the project, and the goal of this phase is to define the project at a broad level. This phase usually begins with a business case. This is when you will research whether the project is feasible and if it should be undertaken. If feasibility testing needs to be done, this is the stage of the project in which that will be completed. Important stakeholders will do their due diligence to help decide if the project is a “go.” If it is given the green light, you will need to create a project charter or a project initiation document (PID) that outlines the purpose and requirements of the project. It should include business needs, stakeholders, and the business case 2. Project Definition and Planning – During this phase, the scope of the project is defined and a project management plan is developed. It involves identifying the cost, quality, available resources, and a realistic timetable. The project plans also includes establishing baselines or performance measures.
- Winter '16
- Project Management, project manager