autonomous from Rome, there was a union of the Church, but within an organization is ruled itself. Withinthe provincial metropolis formed councils or synods who spoke of faith and organization of the churches.THE LEADING POSITION IN ROMEThe Churches of Rome looked with admiration, in fact the other churches in Rome attracted almostsentimental. Cyprian in his letters emphasizes the importance of the unity of the churches with the Bishop ofRome, although there was a council of this, all born naturally. This is why Peter and Paul died in Rome.Rome was considered the Chair of Peter, and was an example of faith and charity, spiritually andfinancially supported the other churches. Those in troubles were headed to Rome. Peter's successor in officewas the main interlocutor of the emperor. With the tradition of the Roman Church was the apostoliccontinuity.THE"CONSTANTINIAN SHIFT"THE TOLERANCE TO A SITUATION OF PRIVILEGEAGREEMENT IN MILAN 313With Constantine begin to change things seriously.Now it has a realrecognition of the Christian religion, and even of privilege.With Caesar of thepersecution of Maximinus Daia continues despite the Edict of Toleration of Galerius. So while in one part ofthe empire the tolerance, the other continues the persecution. Continued the Tetrarchy, the two Augustus areGalerius and Constantine:On October 28, 312 in "The Battle of the Milvian Bridge" cost Maxentius in the empire and the life,Italy and Africa became impetrated by Constantine who in this battle has been entrusted to the ChristianGod, who made affixed to the shield of the soldiers of his army the "sign of God" that is, "Who - χ" and "Ro- ρ" of "Christos - χριστοσ."
History of the ChurchConstantine attributed the victory to the Christian God.Constantine was born in 285 by Constantine and Elena (which was a servant who lived with theemperor). Already in the imperial family Constantine breathed some religious tolerance. Constantine wasvery prepared to monotheism, believed in one god "unconquered sun", and was also open and toleranttowards Christians. All this tells us about Eusebius of Caesarea in "Ecclesiastical History".In 313, it came to an agreement on religious matters between East and West between Constantine andLicinius who met in Milan in February 313 and decided to put into execution the edict of Galerius in theEmpire, and to broaden the content to the religious tolerance. With this agreement, every citizen can havecomplete freedom to follow any religion they want to follow; Christians are returned to their property,churches, cemeteries, etc. Christians are recognized as legal persons capable of producing legal acts and thento own property.In Africa, we created a division between the churches, there were a Donatist schism, there were some"traditores" and then came up again the problem that was presented with lapsi. The question was whetherthe sacrament was celebrated which is valid in itself, or if the validity of the sacrament depended on theperson who was getting married. This issue broke out in 312 along the Episcopal ordination of Bishop ofCarthage Ceciliano. Constantine wanted to make peace between the two groups.