Also solved the problem of succession declaring that

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Also solved the problem of succession, declaring that rulership would be hereditary and that his family would be the ruling household-Administrative authority shifted from Kyoto to the site of Ieyasu’s domain headquarters; the castle town called Edo (later renamed Tokyo) -This hereditary Tokugawa shogunate lasted until 186714
Saturday, February 7, 2015The Tokugawa shoguns ensured a flow of resources from the working population to the rulers and from the provinces to the capital-Villages paid taxes to the daimyos, who transferred resources to seat of shogunate authority-No longer engaged in constant warfare, the samurai became administratorsPeace brought prosperity, agriculture thrived. Improved farming techniques and land reclamation projects enabled the country’s population to grow -Foreign Affairs and ForeignersWhen Japanese rulers tackled foreign affairs, their most pressing concern was the intrusion of Christian missionaries and European tradersInitially, Japanese officials welcomed these foreigners out of an eagerness to acquire muskets, gunpowder, and the new technology-But once the ranks of Christian converts swelled, japans authorities realized that Christians were intolerant of other faiths, believed Christ to be superior to any authority, and fought among themselves-The government suppressed Christianity and drove European missionaries from the countryEven more troublesome was the lure of trade with Europeans-The Tokugawa knew that trading at various Japanese ports would pull commercial region in various directions, away from the capital-When it became clear that European traders preferred the ports of Kyushu, the shogunate restricted Europeans to trade only in ports under Edo’s direct rule in Honshu. Then Japanese authorities expelled all European competitors-Only the Protestant (and non-proselytizing) Dutch own permission to remain in Japan, confined to an island near NagasakiThe Dutch were allowed to unload just 1 ship each year, under strict supervision by Japanese authorities Trade with China and Korea flourished, and the shogun received missions from Korea and the Ryukyu islandsEdo also gathered information about the outside world from the resident Dutch and Chinese (who included monks, physicians, and painters)A few Japanese were permitted to learn Dutch and to study European technology, shipbuilding, and medicine By limiting such encounters, authorities ensured foreigners would not threaten Japan’s security15
Saturday, February 7, 2015-Transformations in EuropeExpansion and Dynastic Change in Russia Between 1600 and 1750, Russian Empire expanded to become 1 of world’s largest ever statesGained positions on the Baltic Sea and the Pacific OceanEstablished Political borders with both the Qing Empire and japanInvolved the elimination of steppe nomads as an independent force-Muscovy Becomes the Russian EmpireThe principality of Moscow, or Muscovy, used territorial expansion and commercial networks to consolidate a powerful state

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