3. Click Next and then click on each organism until you identify the one that belongs to chromosome #1; continue playing the game with the other two chromosomes, filling in the chart below. Be careful, other people may get different results.
Chromosome # How many chromosomes? How many base pairs? How many genes? What is the organism? 1 20 2500 billion 22000 House mouse 2 1 4.4 million 3900 Mycobacterium tuberculosis 3 16 11.7 million 6300 Baker’s Yeast Part B: DNA Transcription and Translation From Gene to Protein 1. Go to 2. Press “Click here to begin!” What is the two-step process by which cells read a gene and produce a string of amino acids that will eventually become a protein is called: Translation and Transcription How are rules for pairing bases different in transcription than they were in replication? Transcription involves DNA pairing with RNA. How many genes does the Human Genome contain? 19,000-20,000 Use the keyboard to type in the corresponding base pairs to transcribe the section of DNA. Describe transcription in your own words? Transcription is when a message is transcribed. How is mRNA different from DNA? mRNA is messenger RNA and it is single stranded What happens to DNA after transcription is complete? Translation Translate the mRNA into a protein. Describe translation in your own words. Its when the message is translated into protein What is the correct starting position on mRNA for translation? AUG Write the amino acids used to assemble your protein in order below.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 4 pages?