Justice Abe Fortas declared for the majority that the principals had failed to

Justice abe fortas declared for the majority that the

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Justice Abe Fortas declared for the majority that the principals had failed to show that the forbidden conduct would substantially interfere with appropriate school discipline: Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: that corporations and labor unions may spend freely but transparently to advocate the election or defeat of political candidates Section 15.4- The Right to Bear Arms Answer the following questions: Page 43 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution What are the main ideas in the following Supreme Court cases: District of Columbia v. Heller: the Court ruled 5–4 that there is a personal constitutional right to keep a loaded handgun at home for self-defense McDonald v. Chicago: the Court ruled 5–4 that there is a personal constitutional right to keep a loaded handgun at home for self-defense Section 15.5- Applying the Bill of Rights to the States Mentor Note: Originally, the Bill of Rights applied only to the national government. About sixty years after ratification of 14th Amendment (1868), the US Supreme Court began to gradually and selectively apply the Bill of Rights protections to the states through its decisions. Specifically, the Court used the "due process clause " of the 14th Amendment to ensure states complied with provisions in the Bill of Rights. This process has been called “selective incorporation.” (See Figure 15.2 in the text.) Answer the following questions: 1. How does the Supreme Court case Gideon vs. Wainwright illustrate the process of selective incorporation? Specifically, what constitutional right did the Court extend to defendants in state courts? The right to council 2. Explain the main ideas and legal standards from these Supreme Court cases: Gideon v. Wainwright: gideon didn’t get coucil and was convicted. the Court set aside Gideon's conviction and extended to defendants in state courts the Sixth Amendment right to counsel. The state retried Gideon, who this time had the assistance of a lawyer, and the court found him not guilty. Miranda v. Arizona : the police had forced Miranda to confess during in-custody questioning, not with physical force but with the coercion inherent in custodial interrogation without counsel. The Court said that warnings are necessary to dispel that coercion. The Court does not require warnings if a person is only held in custody without being questioned or is only questioned without being arrested. But in Miranda, the Court found the combination of custody and interrogation sufficiently intimidating to require warnings before questioning Mapp v. Ohio: unresonsable search and seizure. Mapp won 3. Explain the USA Patriot Act and how it impacts civil liberties. Many see as an assault on civil liberties because it allows govt to tap phones, monitor Internet traffic, and conduct other forms of surveillance in pursuit of terrorists.
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