ETHICS 1 Module 2 study guide (Aug 2018) Nature of Ethics and Moral Reasoning.pdf

Among these three the main concern of ethical theory

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Among these three, the main concern of ethical theory, specifically normative ethics, are the normative reasons for action, or the rational principles that specify what constitutes good or appropriate reasons for action and, as such, determine what ought we to do in virtue of one or more of these reasons. Thus, in so far as moral reasoning is a rational process — that is, in so far as moral reasoning is viewed as the ability to recognize and respond to good reasons for actions — these normative reasons are taken as the primary material that constitutes the process of moral reasoning, may that be a deductive one or otherwise. Specifying what exact- ly these normative reasons are, their substantive contents and their sources, will be the central focus of subsequent modules. ————————————————————————————————————— Activity 8 A. Read Robert Audi’s “Reasons, Practical Reason and Practical Reasoning” in Ratio Volume XVII, no. 2 (2004), pp. 119-149, and Christine Korsgaard’s “Acting for a Reason” in The Constitution of Agency: Essays in Practical Reason and Moral Psychology. B. Revisit your moral judgments in the five cases in Activity 6 and do the following: 1. Identify the motivational and explanatory reasons you cited in your moral reasoning in the five cases. 2. Discuss possible normative reasons that may justify basing your moral judgments of these five cases on your motivational and explanatory reasons. ————————————————————————————————————— 3.3 Challenges to Ethics and Moral Reasoning Notwithstanding this call for you to reflect on moral questions and how we arrive at judg- ments on such questions, there are popular ideas that you might have already encountered (and which you might find appealing) that question the existence of morality and thereby threaten the legitimacy of any reasoning about them. Under their influence, any established and recommended moral reasons or principles for your decisions and actions seem to lose their normative force, appearing as mere weapons of control and domination to be resisted, or as mere subjective inclination or opinion that is not binding to others, or even as mere epiphenomenon of your biological make-up that lies beyond the ambit of your agency and thus escapes any normative evaluation. This section discusses such challenges. Page of 13 18
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ETHICS 1 - Ethics and Moral Reasoning in Everyday Life ————————————————————————————————————— Activity 9 A. Revisit the five cases presented in Activity 6 and do the following: 1. Present and discuss your moral judgments of those five cases to a person in each of the following groups of people: a) Your grandparents (if applicable) or people older than you by at least three decades b) One of your friends outside UP c) A complete stranger (in the streets, in bars, on Facebook, in Omegle, and in other
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  • Spring '10
  • Johnson
  • Ethics , Moral psychology, practical reasoning

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