DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Your answer explanation this phase is frequently

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Your Answer: Explanation This phase is frequently likened to death, or to being in the darkness of the womb awaiting a rebirth. In the final phase the ritual subject emerges from the threshold and is reincorporated in society in his new social or religious role. Question 26 of 28 Rites surrounding birth are often a complex of distinct rituals that prescribe different behavior on the part of the mother, the father, other relatives, nonfamilial members of the society, and with respect to the newborn. Your Answer: Explanation Observances may begin when pregnancy is first noted and may continue until the time of delivery, when the full rite of passage is observed, and for a variable period of time afterward. Question 27 of 28 In many simple societies and in European societies of the past, the expectant mother is isolated from other members of society at this time for the stated reason that the blood that flows during childbirth has inherently harmful qualities. Your Answer: Explanation Old ethnological writings have created the impression that ritual attention is limited entirely to the father. Later investigations have made it appear doubtful that the mother in any society is free from ritual requirements. Question 28 of 28 Rites at coming-of-age are the most variable in time in the life span and may be present or absent. In some societies such rites are observed for only one sex, are elaborate for one sex and simple for the other, or are not observed for either sex. Your Answer: Explanation
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Characteristically, rites at coming-of-age are not generally observed in the modern industrial civilizations or, as in the Jewish Bar Mitzvah and the Protestant confirmation of the United States, exist today more or less as vestiges of formerly important religious rites. Modernization and Application of Anthropology Question 1 of 8 Applied anthropology is the use of anthropological expertise on a very practical level in trying to understand and alleviate human problems. Your Answer: Explanation For example, the impact of a new system of agriculture in a society, the causes of illiteracy among adults in a given group, etc. Question 2 of 8 E.B. Tylor considered anthropology to be a "policy science" and urged for its use in improving the human condition. Your Answer: Explanation Anthropology was first used in the administration of the British colonies under the rubric of indirect rule (originated by Lord Lugard) by Northcote Thomas in Nigeria in 1908. Question 3 of 8 There are two major types of anthropological practice: intervention anthropology and policy research . Your Answer: Explanation Intervention anthropology comprises the approaches of action anthropology, research and development anthropology, community, advocacy anthropology, cultural, and social marketing. Policy research comprises the methods of social impact assessment (collecting sociocultural community data for use by development planners), evaluation research (determining the success of a project), technology
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