According to virtue ethics why are certain actions

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According to virtue ethics, why are certain actions right?- They would be performed by a virtuous person(The standard for correct action, according to virtue theory, is provided by the figure of the virtuous person. Good reasons for acting are important, but they are not what it is that makes an action right. Actions that virtuous people perform tend to do more benefit than harm, and to produce more pleasure than pain, but these aren’t the features that make them right)According to virtue ethics, emotions … (Select all correct options.)- play a crucial role in moral understanding
(According to virtue theorists, if emotions prevent us from doing what we ought to do, it is only because we haven’t trained them properly. Our emotions motivate us to act and a virtuous person’s emotions can be trusted to lead to proper action. Because of this, emotions are crucial for understanding moral character and moral action)Which of the following are common objections to virtue ethics? (Select all correct options.)- it is too demanding, it does not give adequate guidance about what we should do, and it does not provide a way of determining who our role models should be(Virtue ethics clearly gives adequate attention to character. The character of the perfectly virtuous person provides a very high standard to live up to, however, and it can be difficult to use that standard in determining precisely what we should do. It recognizes our reliance on particular role models for guidance concerning action, but it doesn’t provide criteria for determining which possible role models are the right ones to have)1.Aristotle claims that what constitutes happiness for a human being is something that is determinedby human nature.a.In your own words, explain what you think Aristotle means.- When Aristotle made this claim, I believe that happiness is something acquired by a human and their needs in order to feel fulfilled in life. Since happiness is an activity that is done in the action of behaviors from human nature. If one can attain happiness within their lifetime, then they are living well.According to Nichomachean Ethics, it explains that happiness is basically human nature’s end to all things (Book I).b.What do you think about his claim? Do you agree with Aristotle? Why or why not?- As far as Aristotle’s claim on what constitutes happiness, I agree with him because everyone has to feeltheir happiness by doing things in life they feel will make them feel self-sufficient and satisfied. Bu doing these activities, can one know what makes them happy in life. By living what makes they happy, they are fulfilled in life because they are living with a purpose.2.Aristotle claims that the same human nature, when developed appropriately, allows us to understand what is really good for us—versus what merely seems to us, at some point in time or in some relation, to be good—and to train our feelings and desires in such a way that we pursuewhat is really good without even having to thinkabout it.

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