Al Mamun built House of Wisdom Bait Al Hikma and started the translation

Al mamun built house of wisdom bait al hikma and

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Al Ma’mun built House of Wisdom (Bait Al Hikma) and started the translation movement. The Abbasid scholars learned from Greek, Science, Medicine and Philosophy. There was production of paper with the help of China. In silver age there was political decline of Abbasids and the Caliphate divided into different competing states. Factors that influenced the Development of prose in Abbasid period The economical and political growth. The effect of Quran and religion. The role of different Caliphs such as Harun Ar Rashid and Abu Jafar Al Mansour. The cultural and civilization encounter with Greek, Persians and Indians. Role of non-Arabs and Persian scholars in introducing different genres of prose. Introduction of paper, patterns and sophisticated lifestyles. Famous Prose Writers Abdullah Ibn Muqaffa Persian converted to islam. He was a prominent writer and chancery secretary (Katib) and translated kalila wa Dimnah from Sanskrit (Pahlavi language) to Arabic. Derived from Fables of Bidpai This book is considered as first prose book and contains stories described as fables. It uses animal characters to tell stories that have moral purposes. The style of this book is simple and direct and narration is didactic. Abu Uthman Amr Bin Bahr Al Jahiz o He was the grandson of black slave from East Africa and was one of the leading intellectuals (Mutazillah) in Baghdad. o He was an extensive and comprehensive writer and mainly wrote Encyclopedic books 19
ARA 101 o 1) Kitab Al Hayawan (Book of animals) – an anthology of animal anecdotes. o 2) Kitab Al Bukhala (Book of Misers) – a witty and insightful study of human psychology. o 3) Kitab Al Bayan Wa Al Tabyin (book of eloquence and demonstration) – he wrote about natural sciences, history, and much more. o He also wrote essays (Rasail) on interracial people and charm of slave girls. Abu al-Faraj al Isfahani o Kitab Al Aghani (book of songs) o equals writing of Jahiz in quality and range. o A collection of some 24 volumes of songs and poems popular in Baghdad at the time of Harun al-Rashid. o It contains valuable information on the lives of Arab poets and musicians, legends and battles of the Jahiliyya and on the manners and customs of court culture. o It also contains 100 best songs of Harun Rashid, Royal songs and Isfahanis own collection o the main purpose was to entertain and educate. Badi’ al zaman al Hamadhani o founder of Maqamat writings which was newly popular style of rhyming prose (saj’) o He composed 400 Maqamat of which only 52 survived. These writings concentrated more on narration and style rather than content. o The narrator was Isa Ibn Hisham and actor was Abu Fath in Maqamat writings. o His writings contained simple stories written in complicated way to beautify his value.

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