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Al Ma’mun built House of Wisdom (Bait Al Hikma) and started the translation movement.The Abbasid scholars learned from Greek, Science, Medicine and Philosophy. There was production of paper with the help of China.In silver age there was political decline of Abbasids and the Caliphate divided into different competing states.Factors that influenced the Development of prose in Abbasid periodThe economical and political growth.The effect of Quran and religion.The role of different Caliphs such as Harun Ar Rashid and Abu Jafar Al Mansour.The cultural and civilization encounter with Greek, Persians and Indians.Role of non-Arabs and Persian scholars in introducing different genres of prose.Introduction of paper, patterns and sophisticated lifestyles.Famous Prose WritersAbdullah Ibn MuqaffaPersian converted to islam.He was a prominent writer and chancery secretary (Katib) and translated kalila wa Dimnah from Sanskrit (Pahlavi language) to Arabic.Derived from Fables of BidpaiThis book is considered as first prose book and contains stories described as fables. It uses animal characters to tell stories that have moral purposes.The style of this book is simple and direct and narration is didactic.Abu Uthman Amr Bin Bahr Al JahizoHe was the grandson of black slave from East Africa and was one of the leading intellectuals (Mutazillah) in Baghdad.oHe was an extensive and comprehensive writer and mainly wrote Encyclopedic books 19
ARA 101o1) Kitab Al Hayawan (Book of animals) – an anthology of animal anecdotes. o2) Kitab Al Bukhala (Book of Misers) – a witty and insightful study ofhuman psychology. o3) Kitab Al Bayan Wa Al Tabyin (book of eloquence and demonstration) – he wrote about natural sciences, history, and much more.oHe also wrote essays (Rasail) on interracial people and charm of slavegirls.Abu al-Faraj al IsfahanioKitab Al Aghani (book of songs)oequals writing of Jahiz in quality and range.oA collection of some 24 volumes of songs and poems popular in Baghdad at the time of Harun al-Rashid.oIt contains valuable information on the lives of Arab poets and musicians, legends and battles of the Jahiliyya and on the manners andcustoms of court culture.oIt also contains 100 best songs of Harun Rashid, Royal songs and Isfahanis own collectionothe main purpose was to entertain and educate.Badi’ al zaman al Hamadhani ofounder of Maqamat writings which was newly popular style of rhyming prose (saj’)oHe composed 400 Maqamat of which only 52 survived. These writings concentrated more on narration and style rather than content.oThe narrator was Isa Ibn Hisham and actor was Abu Fath in Maqamat writings.oHis writings contained simple stories written in complicated way to beautify his value.