# Let us start with the difference between the

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sketch will be provided here for exposition. Let us start with the difference between the interpretation of DS and that of an adjectivally modified ‘monadic’ DP, which can be expressed as follows: the interpretation of DS arises from the intersection of two sets described by two two ‘monadic’ DPs, a subject and a predicate; DS is the intersection of two already restricted sets. Elaborating: call S' the set of the stone things as described by the elliptical DP ‘ ta petrina ’ (‘the stone ones’) and H' the set of the houses as described by the DP ‘ ta spitia ’ (‘the houses’). Membership of these sets S' and H' is not only restricted by the concepts the adjective petrina and the noun spitia denote, but also by the respective Determiners ta and whatever else a Greek DP, such as Num, contains. Determiner Spreading, a predication relation, is interpreted as the intersection of the two sets: (27) [ta petrina ta spitia] = S' H'
35 Now we need to derive the restrictive reading of DS, which, as claimed here, is a subcase of the predicative one. This task can be carried out as follows: recall that membership of the sets S' and H' is not only restricted by the concepts their respective lexical (adjective and noun) material denotes, but also by their determiners, Num heads and so on. Now, given the various contextual factors conspiring with syntactic structure to yield the extension of (definite or other) DPs, it may happen that one of the sets, let’s say the subject DP’s extension, is a proper subset of the other one, with S' H'; this is the restrictive interpretation of DS, the only interpretation according to Kolliakou’s Polydefiniteness Constraint (2004: 272-276). Of course, in a situation where S' H' holds, it is also trivially true that the whole S' is the intersection of itself with H'. Informally, a DP with Determiner Spreading like ta petrina ta spitia can be interpreted either predicatively as ‘the stone ones that have the property of being the houses’, as from (27), or restrictively as ‘the stone ones of the houses’. Given that, a monadic DP ta petrina spitia (‘the stone houses’) can also have an interpretation similar to that indicated in (27), the pragmatically preferred reading for DS, which contains more structure, is often the restrictive one, pace matters of Focus and intonation. To summarise, DS is a DP predication structure with a DP subject predicated over a DP predicate. The resulting relation, one of two sets
36 intersecting, is the expected one, although a subcase where the intersection is one of the (sub)sets itself, is available and this the restrictive interpretation. Crucially, we have taken for granted so far that D+A constituents are DPs. The reasons why are explained in the next subsection. 25 4.4. The D+A constituent is an elliptical DP Constituents like to meghalo (‘the big one’), far from being APs or language- specific curiosities, are nothing but elliptical DPs comprising a semantically (i.e. non-descriptive) and phonologically null noun e N (Kester, 1996; Corver & Delfitto, 1999; Panagiotidis, 2002 and elsewhere). According to Panagiotidis