DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 33 of 60 the largest and best preserved

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Question 33 of 60 The largest and best preserved remains of a Neolithic settlement exists in Southern Turkey and is called Catal Huyuk. Your Answer: Explanation Catal Huyuk was built about 5600 BC and is known for the elaborate frescoes that decorated the walls of buildings depicting scenes of everyday life in the town. Question 34 of 60 The Neolithic followed (came after) the Paleolithic Period, or age of chipped-stone tools, and preceded (came before) the Bronze Age, or early period of metal tools. Your Answer: Explanation Neolithic period is to be considered as the beginning of real civilization. The Neolithic stage of development was attained during the Holocene Epoch (the last 10,000 years of Earth history). Question 35 of 60 During this time, humans learned to raise crops and keep domestic livestock , and were thus no longer dependent on hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants.
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Your Answer: Explanation This period saw the major changes in human evolution, for example village life, religion, art, architecture, farming, advanced tools and weapons etc. Question 36 of 60 The cultivation of cereal grains enabled Neolithic peoples to build permanent dwellings and congregate in villages, and the release from nomadism and a hunting-gathering economy gave them the time to pursue specialized crafts. Your Answer: Explanation Archaeological evidence indicates that the transition from food-collecting cultures to food-producing ones gradually occurred across Asia and Europe from a starting point in the Fertile Crescent. Question 37 of 60 Cultivation and animal domestication first appeared in southwestern Asia by about 9000 BC, and a way of life based on farming and settled villages had been firmly achieved by 7000 BC in the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys (now in Iraq and Iran) and in what are now Syria, Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. Your Answer: Explanation These earliest farmers raised barley and wheat and kept sheep and goats, later supplemented by cattle and pigs. Their innovations spread from the Middle East northward into Europe by two routes: across Turkey and Greece into central Europe, and across Egypt and North Africa and thence to Spain. Question 38 of 60 Farming communities appeared in Greece as early as 7000 BC, and farming spread northward throughout the continent over the next four millennia. Your Answer: Explanation This long and gradual transition was not completed in Britain and Scandinavia until after 3000 BC and is known as the Mesolithic Period. Question 39 of 60 Neolithic technologies also spread eastward to the Indus River valley of India by 5000 BC. Your Answer: Explanation
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Farming communities based on millet and rice appeared in the Huang Ho (Yellow River) valley of China and in Southeast Asia by about 3500 BC. Question 40 of 60 Neolithic modes of life were achieved independently in the New World . Corn (maize), beans, and squash were gradually domesticated in Mexico and Central America from 6500 BC on, though sedentary village life did not commence there until much later, at about 2000 BC.
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