S 57 read the following passage carefully before you

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Questions 5–7.Read the following passage carefully before you choose your answers.(1) In the 1990s, the furniture company Herman Miller developed a revolutionary new chair with an adjustable lower back and breathable upholstery. (2) But consumer focus groups derided it, failing tounderstand the design's innovations; only the bold decision of Herman Miller executives to release the chair anyway allowed it to become a success. (3) The popular writer Malcolm Gladwell has provided a compelling introduction to the focus group, a research technique in which groups of consumers are asked detailed questions about a new product. (4) As an accurate assessment of theeffectiveness of focus groups, however, Gladwell's story has some shortcomings.(5) As journalist Liza Featherstone explains in Divining Desire: Focus Groups and the Culture of Consultation, the social role of focus groups has changed over time in response to political and economic developments. (6) According to one executive interviewed by Featherstone, "You can't usefocus groups to create an idea … a focus group would create an Edsel." (7) The executive refers to a famously unsuccessful 1957 car model whose shortcomings were blamed on the development team's excessive use of focus groups. (8) But, as Featherstone shows, focus groups actually
5.In sentence 3 (reproduced below), the writer wants to introduce Malcolm Gladwell's perspective on focus groups in order to integrate this perspective into the writer's line of reasoning in the passage.The popular writer Malcolm Gladwell has provided a compelling introduction tothe focus group, a research technique in which groups of consumers are asked detailed questions about a new product.Which of the following versions of the underlined text would best accomplish this goal?

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