Discussed in these studies do not represent

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discussed in these studies do not represent organizational climates but climates across a group ofunrelated individuals. Based on the definition for EWC, can I call the emerging groups ethicalclimates? The use of inappropriate sampling and methodology reduces the validity of theseinvestigations.In summary, the theory of EWCs and its measure, the ECQ, have both theoretical andempirical shortcomings that raise strong concerns regarding its ability to assess accurately theethical climates of organizations.In recent years, many scholars have raised concerns about thetheory and measure. At the International Association for Business and Society meeting in 2004, asession termed: “Revisiting Victor and Cullen’s theory and measure of EWCs,” concluded with acall for new theory and measurement of EWC.Answering the Call for New Theory and Measurement: The Psychological Process Model andEthical Climate IndexEven if we resolved the psychometric deficiencies of the ECQ, such as stabilizing itsfactor structure, we would still be using a scale based on an underspecified theory. Thus, for allof its impact on the study of EWC, Victor and Cullen’s (1987) framework appears to betheoretically underspecified for accurately predicting ethical behavior, in that it only informs usabout one of the ethical decision-making components: moral judgment. A more fully specifiedmodel of EWC should include all of the dimensions of the ethical decision-making process. ThePsychological Process Model developed by Arnaud and Schminke (forthcoming) introduced
168such an ethical climate theory, one grounded in the ethical decision-making model by Rest(1986).Rest’s Four Component ModelRest’s (1986) framework explains that moral judgment is one important component ofethical-decision-making, which ultimately leads to behavior. Yet, in order to predict behavior,four components must be understood. In particular, Rest states that before individuals engage inethical acts, they must perform four basic psychological processes, which Rest terms moralsensitivity, moral judgment, moral motivation, and moral character.Hence, the current model ofEWC, which is grounded in only one of the components of the ethical-decision making process(moral judgment) is limited in scope.Rest (1986) defines each component of the ethical-decision making process.First,moralsensitivityinvolves recognizing that an ethical dilemma exists and evaluating how one’s actionsaffect others (empathy).Moral judgmentinvolves bringing one’s moral decision-makingframework (as reflected in one’s cognitive moral development) to bear on the problem, todetermine the ethical course of action.Moral motivationconcerns the degree to which ethicalvalues dominate other potential values (e.g., power or economic values) in a particular situation.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Barnes
Tags
Organizational studies, Ethical Climate Index

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