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Revised Codereference to the Education Department's Revised Codes of 1862 and 1867, which linked the funding for schools to their size and to student performance on standardized assessment examinations."Nature's holy plan" from Wordsworth, "Lines Written in Early Spring" (line 22).limedcaught with birdlime; here, Abraham is compared to a bird ensnared in bird-lime.off-licensewithout a license; here, Rolliver's is not licensed to sell alcohol for consumption on the premises.gaffera foreman of a group of workers.sumplesupple (dialect)."green malt on the floor"the expression refers to pregnancy before marriage.naternature (dialect).Stubbard-treea kind of apple tree.Summary and Analysis Phase the First: The Maiden: Chapters 5-8Bookmark this page SummaryJoan Durbeyfield hatches the plan to send Tess off to wealthy relations to "claim kin." Tess wants no part of the plan, and John Durbeyfield also expresses his doubts about the plan. Feeling a sense of guilt about the death of thefamily horse, Prince, Tess agrees to visit the Stoke-d'Urbervilles.
Tess takes a van, or common carrier of the time, to visit. She notices that the home called The Slopes is not old and established as she had expected. Instead, the house is a recently built. Tess meets Alec d'Urberville, the young son of Mrs. d'Urberville. Alec is immediately taken by the young, beautiful maid, and he agrees to find a place for her atThe Slopes.A few days later, a new horse is sent to the Durbeyfields along with an invitation for Tess to assume a post as caretaker for a flock of Mrs. d'Urbervilles chickens. Tess' departure is a great sorrow for her family, but she agrees to go to Trantridge to help boost her family's fortunes. Upon her return to The Slopes, Alec takes Tess on a wild carriage ride in order to scare her and prove himself master over her. She does not give into his demands and walksthe greater portion of the distance to her new home.AnalysisJoan Durbeyfield is the instigator of the plan to send her eldest daughter to another family. Joan takes advantage ofTess, because she is Tess' mother, and of her husband, John, because he is easily manipulated, a drunk and a fool. Joan, like a hopeless romantic, intends for Tess to be married into the d'Urberville clan. She shows her blissful ignorance when she hatches the plan to send Tess away: "[W]e must take the ups wi' the downs, Tess, and never could your high blood have been found out at a more called-for moment." Tess, however, wants no part of Joan Durbeyfield's plan saying, "I'd rather try to get work." However, she is convinced by Joan and by her guilt for the death of the family horse, Prince. After being talked into the proposition, Tess remarks, "Well, as I killed the horse, mother. I suppose I ought to do something." Thus Tess' fate is sealed.