A Cascara B Magnesium citrate C Bisacodyl D Polycarbophil Copyright 2017

A cascara b magnesium citrate c bisacodyl d

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A. Cascara B. Magnesium citrate C. Bisacodyl D. Polycarbophil
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Types of Antidiarrheal Drugs Types of Antidiarrheal Drugs Bismuth Subsalicylate ( Pepto-Bismol ): Coats the lining of the GI tract and soothes irritation stimulating local reflexes to cause excessive GI activity and diarrhea Loperamide ( Imodium ): Has a direct effect on the muscle layers of the GI tract; slows peristalsis and allows increased time for absorption of fluid and electrolytes Opium Derivatives (Paregoric): Stimulates spasm within the GI tract, stops peristalsis and diarrhea
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Antidiarrheal Drugs Antidiarrheal Drugs Actions Slow the motility of the GI tract through direct action on the lining of the GI tract Indications Relief of symptoms of acute or chronic diarrhea Reduction of volume of discharge from ileostomies Prevention and treatment of traveler’ s diarrhea Pharmacokinetics Vary depending on agent
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Antidiarrheal Drugs (cont.) Antidiarrheal Drugs (cont.) Contraindications Allergy Caution Pregnancy Lactation History of GI obstruction History of acute abdominal conditions Diarrhea due to poisonings
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Antidiarrheal Drugs (cont.) Antidiarrheal Drugs (cont.) Adverse Effects Constipation Abdominal distension Abdominal discomfort Nausea Dry mouth Toxic megacolon Fatigue Weakness Dizziness
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Antidiarrheal Drugs (cont.) Antidiarrheal Drugs (cont.) Drug-to-Drug Interactions Depends on the drug
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Nursing Considerations for Antidiarrheal Drugs Nursing Considerations for Antidiarrheal Drugs Assess: History and Physical Exam and known allergy Acute abdominal conditions, GI activity, hepatic impairment, BS and abdomen Elimination patterns, neurological status
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Prototype Antidiarrheal Drugs Prototype Antidiarrheal Drugs
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Question Question Why should laxatives be taken only on a short-term basis? A. To prevent a fluid volume deficit B. To prevent cathartic dependence C. To obtain relief of abdominal distention D. To obtain relief of intestinal cramping
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved END! END!
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