Possible solutions therefore need to be implemented to not only reduce the

Possible solutions therefore need to be implemented

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Possible solutions, therefore, need to be implemented to not only reduce the mortality rates on patients in the waiting Transplant List but also to minimize the risks associated with tissue rejection and related complication. The advent of new technology in the field of medicine and biomedical engineering has played a critical role in overcoming organ shortage and the transplantation crisis. The 3D bioprinting technology is one of the most promising technology in
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Last Name 3 the field of regenerative medicine and organ engineering in the last decade from the two- dimension printing technology in the 1980s. 3D bioprinting is technology that uses modified bioprinters to successfully deposit cell- laden biomaterials in an organized and predetermined manner in order to generate or replicate functional tissues or organs (Phoebe and Alex 4). The main goal of this technique is to integrate live cells enabling the functionality of the tissue or organ in its natural microenvironment for the purpose of mimicking the original organ, and subsequently replacing or repairing the organ. The tissue /organ models are designed and made possible through the use of other technologies such magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and (CT) scan. Currently, the most employed 3D printing technologies is the e Bio ink 3D printing. Source Contexts According to Murphy,Sean, and Anthony in the article “3D Bioprinting of Tissues and organs”, 3D bioprinting is also known as additive manufacturing , and is one of the most innovative idea in our times in the area of manufacturing, medicine and education. In the area of medicine, 3D bioprinting has played a critical role in addressing issues relating to organs transplantation tissue and cells regeneration. They further assert that as compared to the non- biological printing, 3D bioprinting involves a lot of complexities including: growth of cells and differentiation, types of tissues, and technical challenges especially in use of various bioprinting technologies. The technicalities involved in bio printing require integration of knowledge in various fields such as biotechnology, medicine and the field of engineering (Murphy, Sean, and Anthony 773). In the article, the authors further posit that 3D bioprinting is already in use in vascular grafts, heart conditions and further research is being developed in pharmaceutical field and toxicology.
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Last Name 4 Gross et al. in their article on “Evaluation of 3D Printing and its Potential Impact on Biotechnology and Chemical Sciences”, gives a detailed description of the conception of 3D bioprinting which dates from the development of stereo lithography apparatus to the current printing systems that are not only limited in the field of biotechnological and chemical sciences but also other fields (Gross et al. 3240). The article also examines the various 3D printing methods that are utilized in rapid prototyping. These methods include inkjet printing, Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) and the Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM). Moreover, it
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