Instead the is usually a submediant triad but others

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instead. The ? is usually a submediant triad, but others are possible. Half Cadence (HC) A very common type of unstable or "progressive" cadence. The HC ends with a V chord, which can be preceded by any other chord. Phrygian Half Cadence A special name give to the iv6-V HC in minor. The name refers to a cadence found in the period of modal polyphony (before 1600), but it does not imply that the music is actually in the Phrygian mode. Plagal Cadence (PC) Typically involves a IV-I progression Conclusive Cadences Includes authentic and plagal cadences. Progressive Cadence Includes deceptive and half cadences Motive The smallest identifiable musical idea. Phrase A relatively independent musical idea terminated by a cadence. Subphrase A distinct portion of a phrase, but it is not a phrase either because it is not terminated by a cadence or because it seems too short to be relatively independent. Elision When the last note of one phrase serves as the first note of the next phrase. Period When phrases are combined to form a larger structural unit. Repeated Phrase When both phrases are identical. Parallel Period When both phrases begin with similar or identical material, even if the material is embellished. Double Period Just like a period, except that each half of the structure consists of two phrases rather than just one. Contrasting Period A period in which the phrase beginnings are not similar. Three-Phrase Period Has three different phrases - two antecedents and a consequent or one antecedent and two consequents, as determined by the cadences. Phrase Group Transitional passages that connect more significant thematic areas. They seem to belong together without forming a period or double period. Musical Form The ways in which a composition is shaped to create a meaningful
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musical experience for the listener. Non-Chord Tone (NCT) A tone, either diatonic or chromatic, that is not a member of the chord. Passing Tone Used to fill in the space between two other tones. Neighboring Tone A non-chord tone approached by step and left by step in the opposite direction. Suspension Holds on to, or suspends a chord tone after the other parts have moved on to the next chord. Preparation The tone preceding the suspension, and it is the same pitch as the suspension Resolution The tone following the suspension and lying a 2nd below it Bass Suspension When the bass voice is suspended, creating a 2nd (or 9th) with an upper voice, resulting in a 2-3 suspension. Suspension with Change of Bass When a suspension occurs in one of the upper voices and the bass moves on to another chord tone at the same time as the suspension resolves Retardation A suspension with an upward resolution. Submetrical Less than a beat in duration Metrical One beat in duration. Supermetrical More than one beat in duration. Appoggiatura An NCT that is approached by leap and resolved by step. Escape Tone Approached by step and resolved by leap in the opposite directions. Neighbor Group Embellishes a single pitch by sounding its upper and lower neighbors in succession (in either order). Anticipation Anticipates a tone that belongs to the next chord. Free Anticipation An anticipation that resolves by leap. Pedal Point A stationary pitch that begins as a chord tone, then becomes an NCT as the harmonies change, and finally ends up as a chord tone again. Inverted Pedal Points pedal point that occurs in a part other than the bass. Double Pedal Point When pedal points contain more than one pitch class.
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  • Fall '13
  • J.Hwang
  • AP Music Theory, Octave, Chord, Major and minor, Tonality, Cadence

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