been re p o rted it is important for the patient with testicular cancer to have

Been re p o rted it is important for the patient with

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been re p o rted, it is important for the patient with testicular cancer to have tumor markers, radiologic tests, and physical exams for a life- time (NCI, 2008b). C o n c l u s i o n Testicular cancer can be a devastating diagnosis for the patient and family. The majority of patients with testicular cancer are young men with a variety of phys- ical, psychological, and spiritual needs that can be addressed by the nurse through individualized, holistic care. In particular, appro- priate education and support along the cancer and survivor continuum are important. References A m e rican Cancer Society (ACS). (2008). Cancer facts and figures. Retrieved Fe b ru a ry 11, 2009, from . c a n c e r. o r g / d o c r o o t / C R I / c o n t e n t / C R I _ 2 _ 2 _ 1 x _ H ow_Many_Pe o p l e _ G e t Te s t i c u l a r _ C a n c e r _ 4 1 . a s p ? s i t e a r e a = > A m e rican Cancer Society (AC S ) . ( 2 0 0 7 a ) . A l l about testicular cancer. Retrieved January 14, 2009, from . cancer.org/docroot/cri/content/cri_2_4_ 2X_What_are_the_risk_fa c t o r s _ fo r _ t e s- t i c u l a r _ c a n c e r _ 4 1 . a s p ? s i t e a r e a = > A m e rican Cancer Society. ( 2 0 0 7 b ) . H ow is testicular cancer staged ? Retrieved Ja nu a ry 16, 2009, from . c a n- c e r. o r g / d o c r o o t / C R I / c o n t e n t / C R I _ 2 _ 4 _ 3 X_How_is_testicular_cancer_staged_4 1 . a s p ? s i t e a r e a = > ( 2 0 0 2 ) . Te s t i s. AJCC cancer staging m a nu a l (6th ed.). N ew Yo rk : Springer. Chen, H. (2007). Klinefelter syndrome. Retrieved January 15, 2009, from . m e d c s c a p e. c o m / a rt i- c l e / 9 4 5 6 4 9 - ove rv i ew C h o o, R., T h o m a s, G., Wo o, T., Lee, D., Ko n g , B., Iscoe, L., et al. ( 2 0 0 5 ) . L o n g - t e rm outcomes of postorchiectomy surve i l- lance for Stage I testicular seminoma. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Phy s i c s, 61 (3), 736- 7 4 0 . Dobson, R. ( 2 0 0 5 ) . Testicular cancer has increased in many populations wo rl d- w i d e. B ritish Medical Journal, 330 , 382. Feldman, D.R., Bosl, G.J., Sheinfeld, J., & M o t ze r, R.J.( 2 0 0 8 ) .Medical treatment of a d vanced testicular cancer. The Journ a l of the American Medical Association, 2 0 9 (6), 672-684. Fossa, S.D., Chen, J., Schonfeld, S.J., McGlynn, K.A., McMaster, M.L., Gail, M.H., et al. ( 2 0 0 5 ) . Risk of contra l a t e ra l testicular cancer: A population-based study of 29,515 U. S. m e n . J o u rnal of the National Cancer Institute, 97 (14), 1056- 1 0 6 6 . H u y g h e, E., Matsuda, T., & Thonneau, P. ( 2 0 0 3 ) .Increasing incidence of testicular cancer worldwide: A rev i ew. J o u rnal of U r o l o g y, 170 (1), 5-11. Jemal, A., Siegel, R., Ward, E., Murray, T., Xu, J., & Thun, M.J. ( 2 0 0 7 ) . Cancer statis- t i c s. CA Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 5 7 (1), 43-66. National Cancer Institute (NCI). (2008a). S u rveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Fact Sheets: Cancer of the testis . R e t ri eved October 9, 2008, from h t m l / t e s t i s. h t m l National Cancer Institute (NCI). (2008b).

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