GOV 310L Module Notes.docx

Voters are given more than one vote and there are

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Voters are given more than one vote and there are multiple seats in the district Cumulative voting o An electoral system where each person gets more than one vote and there is more than one seat in the district
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Cumulative vote Book Review APS Ch. 13, Texas Ch. 10 o Australia The first modern form of balloting using standardized form to increase privacy o A primary where people can vote regardless of affiliation is open o Theoretical effects: Politicians want to stay in office and generally want to avoid corruption to stay in office o State governments operate and regulate all American elections o The Australian ballot does NOT Not require advance voter registration o Strategy of voting assumes all candidates moderate their election arguments to win Median voter theorem o An election held to vote directly on legislation/amendment proposed by a group of citizens outside of the legislature Initiative o LA uses majority rule, to avoid runoff Receive more than 50 percent of vote o Split ticket: vote for both parties o The FEC is responsible for regulating campaign contributions, and spending by candidates for congress and the presidency o Citizens United v. FEC (2010) Corporations and unions may spend unlimited amounts of money on campaigns as long as spending is independent of direct candidate donation o On average, voters in primary elections are Less politically moderate than in general elections o Pappy O’Daniel helped make Radio addresses to get to know voters common o Nonpartisan city council elections (where party affiliation is not indicated on ballot) Make it more difficult for voters to choose between candidates o Increasing complexity in the Texas Constitution is because Accumulation of constitutional amendments o Primary goal of most political advertising Name recognition o Campaigns use poll results To establish their candidates credibility o Primary elections in Texas are Open: voters don’t have to declare affiliation, however they can only vote in one primary o Citizens United allows first amendment freedom of speech because political donations Are seen as petitioning government o An independent candidate must _____ to be listed on the general election ballot Collect signatures on a nominating petition One ^
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Module 14 Lecture 1 Economic policy o Grow a vibrant economy o Goals Stable prices (low inflation) Don’t want to lose purchasing power Full employment (defined as under 4 percent unemployment) Unemployment tends to exclude those who have given up searching for a job Economic growth (positive and significant GDP) Gross domestic product upward of 2.5% (3-5% is very strong) o Anything lower is barely keeping up o People think another recession might be coming o Policy Types Fiscal policy: government spending Tax, spend, subsidize, borrow o Income tax, corporate tax o From whom should we borrow Monetary policy
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