Such country oriented inquiries are essential for more targeted policy

Such country oriented inquiries are essential for

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settings. Such country-oriented inquiries are essential for more targeted policy implications.
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17 Appendices Appendix 1: Variable Definitions Variables Signs Variable Definitions (Measurement) Sources Inclusive development IHDI Inequality Adjusted Human Development Index UNDP CO 2 per capita CO2mtpc CO 2 emissions (metric tons per capita) World Bank (WDI) CO 2 from electricity and heat CO2elehepro CO 2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion) World Bank (WDI) CO 2 from liquid fuel CO2lfcon CO 2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) World Bank (WDI) CO 2 intensity CO2inten CO 2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) World Bank (WDI) Internet Internet Internet penetration (per 100 people) World Bank (WDI) Mobile phones Mobile Mobile phone subscriptions (per 100 people) World Bank (WDI) Educational Quality Educ Pupil teacher ratio in Primary Education World Bank (WDI) Foreign Aid Aid Total Official Development Assistance (% of GDP) World Bank (WDI) Private Credit Credit Private credit by deposit banks and other financial institutions (% of GDP) World Bank (WDI) Foreign investment FDI Foreign Direct Investment inflows (% of GDP) World Bank (WDI) WDI: World Development Indicators. UNDP: United Nations Development Programme. Appendix 2: Summary statistics (2000-2012) Mean SD Minimum Maximum Observations Inequality Adj. Human Development 0.450 0.110 0.219 0.768 431 Mobile phone penetration 24.428 28.535 0.000 147.202 525 Internet Penetration 4.222 6.618 0.005 43.605 521 CO 2 per capita 0.901 1.820 0.016 10.093 567 CO 2 from electricity and heat 23.730 18.870 0.000 71.829 286 CO 2 from liquid fuel 78.880 23.092 0.000 100 567 CO 2 intensity 2.044 6.449 0.058 77.586 321 Educational Quality 43.784 14.731 12.466 100.236 425 Private Credit 19.142 23.278 0.550 149.78 458 Foreign aid 11.944 14.712 -0.253 181.187 531 Foreign direct investment 5.381 8.834 -6.043 91.007 529 S.D: Standard Deviation. Adj: Adjusted.
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18 Appendix 3: Correlation matrix (uniform sample size: 171) CO 2 emissions dynamics Control variables ICT CO2mtpc CO2ele hepro CO2lfcon CO2inten Educ Credit Aid FDI Mobile Internet IHDI 1.000 0.574 -0.507 0.773 -0.441 0.851 -0.370 -0.101 0.474 0.438 0.616 CO2mtpc 1.000 -0.544 0.637 -0.595 0.558 -0.446 -0.272 0.315 0.477 0.398 CO2elehepro 1.000 -0.342 0.274 -0.337 0.231 0.191 -0.265 -0.226 -0.138 CO2lfcon 1.000 -0.542 0.702 -0.486 -0.181 0.485 0.543 0.740 CO2inten 1.000 -0.456 0.512 0.151 -0.338 -0.417 -0.499 Educ 1.000 -0.321 -0.181 0.518 0.642 0.616 Credit 1.000 0.114 -0.286 -0.321 -0.629 Aid 1.000 0.119 -0.022 -0.046 FDI 1.000 0.694 0.597 Mobile 1.000 0.636 Internet 1.000 IHDI CO 2 : carbon dioxide. ICT: Information and Communication Technology. CO2mtpc: CO 2 emissions (metric tons per capita). CO2elehepro: CO 2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion). CO2lfcon: CO 2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total). CO2inten: CO 2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use). Educ: Quality of primary education. Credit: Private domestic credit. Aid: Foreign aid. FDI: Foreign Direct Investment. Mobile: Mobile phone penetration. Internet: Internet penetration. IHDI: Inequality Adjusted Human Development Index. References Akbostanci, E., S. Turut-Asi & Tunc, G. I., (2009). “The Relationship between Income and Environment in Turkey: Is there an Environmental Kuznets Curve?”, Energy Policy , 37(3), pp.
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